from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or practice of spying or of using spies to obtain secret information, as about another government or a business competitor.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act or process of learning secret information through clandestine means.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The practice of spying; secret observation of the acts or utterances of another by a spy or emissary; offensive surveillance.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the systematic use of spies to get military or political secrets


French espionnage, from espionner, to spy, from Old French espion, spy, from Old Italian spione, of Germanic origin; see spek- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Recorded since 1793, from French espionnage, from Middle French espionner ("to spy"), from Old French espion ("spy"), itself probably from a Germanic source (akin to Old High German spehon "spy"), possibly via Italian spione (from spia). More at spy (Wiktionary)



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