from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative.
  • n. In other languages, a verbal noun analogous to the Latin gerund, such as the English form ending in -ing when used as a noun, as in singing in We admired the choir's singing.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. (In English, a gerund has the same spelling as a present participle, but functions differently.)
  • n. In some languages such as Italian or Russian, a verbal form similar to a present participle, but functioning as an adverb. These words are sometimes referred to as conjunctive participles.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n.
  • n. A kind of verbal noun, having only the four oblique cases of the singular number, and governing cases like a participle.
  • n. A verbal noun ending in -e, preceded by to and usually denoting purpose or end; -- called also the dative infinitive; as, “Ic hæbbe mete tô etanne” (I have meat to eat.) In Modern English the name has been applied to verbal or participal nouns in -ing denoting a transitive action; e. g., by throwing a stone.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The name given originally by grammarians to a Latin verbal noun, used in oblique cases with an infinitival value: as, amandi, amando, amandum, ‘loving’; hence applied also in other languages to somewhat kindred formations: e. g., in Sanskrit to forms in tvā, ya, etc., having the value of indeclinable adjectives: as, gatvā, -gatya, ‘going’; in Anglo-Saxon to a dative infinitive after tō: as, gōd tō etanne, ‘good to eat’ (that is, ‘good for eating’). Abbreviated ger.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a noun formed from a verb (such as the `-ing' form of an English verb when used as a noun)


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Late Latin gerundium, from alteration (modeled on participium, participle) of Latin gerundum, variant of gerendum, neuter gerundive of gerere, to carry on.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin gerundium, from gerundus ("which is to be carried out"), future passive participle (gerundive) of gerō ("carry, bear").



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  • Ha ha! Transvestite verbs.

    April 4, 2012

  • Everett's comment is amusing--it's the only thing I've ever read that could convince me not to despise gerunds.

    April 3, 2012

  • verb as noun (cf. participle, attributive)

    January 23, 2011

  • I was taking a test and happened to see this word. I never heard of it.

    September 28, 2010

  • like the everready bunny. they keep going and going.................................................................................

    October 12, 2007

  • Gerunds: transvestite verbs.

    December 1, 2006