from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several large game birds of the family Cracidae, native to the jungles of tropical America and related to and resembling the curassows.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any (member) of several species of birds in the genera Aburria, Chamaepetes, Oreophasis, Penelope, Penelopina, and Pipile, of the family Cracidae, limited to the Americas.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Any one of many species of large gallinaceous birds of Central and South America, belonging to Penelope, Pipile, Ortalis, and allied genera. Several of the species are often domesticated.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An American bird of the family Cracidæ and subfamily Penelopinæ, related to the hoccos and curassows.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any of several large turkey-like game birds of the family Cracidae; native to jungles of tropical America; resembling the curassows and valued as food
The bandit chief is not impressed, but soon he and his men are made quick work of by the woman and her large polearm (she wields what is called a guan dao in Chinese, it's a long pole weapon with a curved blade fixed at the top).
Still, while you feel "guan" shouldn't be translated as controlled, I don't think "controlled" necessarily leads to people to think of "oppressed".
Once, when eating breakfast at a small outdoor aboriginal restaurant in the mountains of Taiwan, the owner, a motherly woman, asked me if I wanted to try some, "san bei guan niu".
“Ti hu guan ding” can be translated as suddenly achieve enlightenment.
“San guan sheng jiang” pronounced sahn gwahn shung jyahng means energy ascends and descends in three gates.
“Ti hu guan ding” pronounced tee hoo gwahn ding means jade liquid pours into your head and goes into your heart; you suddenly awaken and realize the Tao wisdom.
Large military units such as zhen, xie, and ying were put in urban cities while many small military posts such as xun, tang, guan, shao, and ka (referred together as xun-tang), were set up in the remote mountainous areas.
Yunnan Tongzhi (Daoguang edition) recorded that there were over 3,500 xun, tang, guan, shao, and ka throughout Yunnan. 104 These military units, like the Ming military colonies, became villages of Han households, which began to penetrate ethnic mountain areas, particularly in southern and southwestern Yunnan.
Some representative birds of the ecoregion include black-fronted piping-guan (Pipile jacutinga), helmeted woodcreeper (Dryocopus galeatus), and São Paulo tyrannulet (Phylloscartes paulistus).
Among the distinctive bird species in the hotspot is the aforementioned white-winged guan (Penelope albipennis, CR), which is found only in the dry forests at the southern extreme of the hotspot.