from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Cannabis.
  • n. The tough, coarse fiber of the cannabis plant, used to make cordage.
  • n. Any of various plants similar to cannabis, especially one yielding a similar fiber.
  • n. The fiber of such a plant.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A tall annual herb, Cannabis sativa, native to Asia.
  • n. Various products of this plant, including fibres and the drug cannabis.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A plant of the genus Cannabis (Cannabis sativa), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber.
  • n. The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. The name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true hemp.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A plant of the genus Cannabis, natural order Urticaceæ, of which C. sativa is the only known species, C. Indica being only a variety.
  • n. The fiber of this plant, obtained from the skin or rind by rotting the stalks under moisture, and prepared by various processes for manufacturing uses.
  • n. One of various plants of other genera yielding similar fibers, distinguished by specific epithets
  • n. Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadaceæ): same as madar.
  • n. Apocynum cannabinum. See Apocynum.
  • n. The Indian hemp, Apocynum, chiefly A. cannabinum.
  • n. Same as American jute (which see, under jute).
  • n. The black Indian hemp, Apocynum cannabinum. See Apocynum.
  • n. The white Indian hemp, either of two American species of Asclepias, A. incarnata, the swamp-milkweed, and A. pulchra, the hairy milkweed, which yield a white or light-gray fiber of some commercial value.
  • n. the fiber of Maoutia Puya. See pooa.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a rope that is used by a hangman to execute persons who have been condemned to death by hanging
  • n. any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • n. a plant fiber


Middle English, from Old English hænep.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old English hænep, from Proto-Germanic *hanapiz (compare Dutch hennep, German Hanf, Danish hamp), borrowed from Scytho-Sarmatian (compare Farsi kanab, Ossetian gän), itself a compound of Finno-Ugrian *kéne, 'hemp', and *piš, 'to burn; nettle' (compare Hungarian kender, 'hemp', and peszeg, 'to burn'). See cannabis. (Wiktionary)



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