Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A crested metal helmet with a curved peak in front and back, worn by soldiers in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • n. A black or blackish brown form of smoky quartz.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A kind of open helmet, without visor or beaver, and somewhat resembling a hat.
  • n. A dark variety of smoky quartz.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A form of helmet of iron, steel, or brass. somewhat like a hat in shape, often with a crest or comb over the top, and without beaver or vizor, introduced into England from France or Spain about the beginning of the sixteenth century.
  • n. A variety of smoky quartz having a very dark-brown or nearly black color.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a metal helmet worn by common soldiers in the 16th century

Etymologies

French, from Spanish morrión, from morro, round object, probably from Vulgar Latin *murrum, muzzle.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French morion, and its source, Spanish morrión, probably from morra ("crown of the head"). Perhaps compare moraine. (Wiktionary)
From French morion, from Late Latin morion, a misreading in some manuscripts for Latin mormorion. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • N3, The vseles morion shall On crooke hang by the wall. c1600 Diurnal of Occurrents (1833) 212 Ane greit number of hagbittis, corslattis and mirriounis, togedder with some vyne [etc.]. c1600 Hist.

    Medallion Vulcan | SciFi, Fantasy & Horror Collectibles

  • Certain varieties are sometimes distinguished (esp. by modern historians) according to shape, as comb (also cockscomb) morion, Spanish (also pear-shaped) morion, etc.

    Medallion Vulcan | SciFi, Fantasy & Horror Collectibles

  • Costume 280 A morion and bourginot of the same period.

    Medallion Vulcan | SciFi, Fantasy & Horror Collectibles

  • With sense 2 cf. French morion punishment inflicted on soldiers (1605), so called in allusion to the hat suspended at the end of the shaft of the halberd which held the soldier while the punishment was inflicted.

    Medallion Vulcan | SciFi, Fantasy & Horror Collectibles

  • We have already said the patient was eminently handsome, and the removal of his helmet, or more properly, of his morion, had suffered his fair locks to escape in profusion, around a countenance in which the hilarity of youth was qualified by a blush of modesty at once and pleasure.

    Quentin Durward

  • The good King was seated on horseback about half way up the mount, a morion on his head, surmounted by a crown, which left his manly features exposed to public view, as, with cool and considerate eye, he perused each rank as it passed him, and returned the salutation of the leaders.

    The Talisman

  • He wears half-armor of high quality: a well-fitted cuirass on his upper body, and protective britches of the latest design with light steel plates on his thighs.4 His helmet is no ordinary morion, or crude iron pot of the kind that we associate with Spanish conquistadors and English colonists.

    Champlain's Dream

  • His helmet is no ordinary morion, or crude iron pot of the kind that we associate with Spanish conquistadors and English colonists.

    'Champlain's Dream: The European Founding of North America'

  • Sailor-fashion, he had no armor on but a light morion and a cuirass, so he was not too much encumbered to prevent his springing to his legs instantly, and setting to work, cutting and foining right and left at every sound, for sight there was none.

    Westward Ho!

  • King received a copper coal-scuttle right over his eyes, and a mahogany wardrobe was discharged at his morion, which would have felled an ox, and would have done for the King had not Ivanhoe warded it off skilfully.

    Burlesques

Comments

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  • "Brentford and the Scavengers passed through the gate to find the gigantic Varangian Guards silently lined up in a row, their barbed halberds pointed at the intruders, and quite impressive in their shining armour plates and morion helms."
    Aurorarama by Jean-Christophe Valtat, p 383

    July 24, 2011