Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A vessel in which substances are crushed or ground with a pestle.
  • n. A machine in which materials are ground and blended or crushed.
  • n. A portable, muzzleloading cannon used to fire shells at low velocities, short ranges, and high trajectories.
  • n. Any of several similar devices, such as one that shoots life lines across a stretch of water.
  • n. Any of various bonding materials used in masonry, surfacing, and plastering, especially a plastic mixture of cement or lime, sand, and water that hardens in place and is used to bind together bricks or stones.
  • transitive v. To bombard with mortar shells.
  • transitive v. To plaster or join with mortar.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A mixture of lime or cement, sand and water used for bonding bricks and stones.
  • n. A muzzle-loading, indirect fire weapon with a tube length of 10 to 20 calibers and designed to lob shells at very steep trajectories.
  • n. A hollow vessel used to pound, crush, rub, grind or mix ingredients with a pestle.
  • v. To use mortar or plaster to join two things together.
  • v. To fire a mortar (weapon)

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A strong vessel, commonly in form of an inverted bell, in which substances are pounded or rubbed with a pestle.
  • n. A short piece of ordnance, used for throwing bombs, carcasses, shells, etc., at high angles of elevation, as 45°, and even higher; -- so named from its resemblance in shape to the utensil above described.
  • n. A building material made by mixing lime, cement, or plaster of Paris, with sand, water, and sometimes other materials; -- used in masonry for joining stones, bricks, etc., also for plastering, and in other ways.
  • transitive v. To plaster or make fast with mortar.
  • n. A chamber lamp or light.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A vessel in which substances are beaten to powder by means of a pestle.
  • n. In a stamp-mill, the cast-iron box into which the stamp-heads fall, at the bottom of which is the die on which they would strike if it were not for the interposed ore with which the mortar is kept partly filled, and on whose side is the grating or screen through which the ore escapes as soon as it has been broken to sufficient fineness to pass through the holes in the screen.
  • n. A kind of lamp or candlestick with a broad saucer or bowl to catch the grease and keep the light safe; hence, the candle itself: in modern times, chiefly in ecclesiastical use, in the French form mortier.
  • n. A cap shaped like a mortar. Compare mortar-board.
  • n. A piece of ordnance, short in proportion to the size of its bore, used in throwing bombshells in what is called vertical fire.
  • To bray in a mortar.
  • n. A material used (in building) for binding together stones or bricks so that the mass may form one compact whole.
  • To fasten or inclose with mortar.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. plaster with mortar
  • n. a muzzle-loading high-angle gun with a short barrel that fires shells at high elevations for a short range
  • n. used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall
  • n. a bowl-shaped vessel in which substances can be ground and mixed with a pestle

Etymologies

Middle English morter, from Old English mortere and from Old French mortier, both from Latin mortārium; see mer- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French mortier, from Latin mortarium. (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

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  • "a kind of short cannon, of a large bore, with chambers. They are made of stone, brass or iron, and used for throwing shells, &c. They are distinguished by the diameter of the bore, as a 10, or 8 inch mortar. Smaller mortars are called coc-horns and royals." (citation in Historical Military Terms list description)

    In general, the most noticeable difference between mortars and cannons (should you ever wander through a National Battlefield Park) is that mortars are very squat and thick (not long-barreled), and usually aren't mounted on the kind of wheeled carriages you might think of for cannons. Also, they are aimed/fired based on trajectory calculation, not by aiming the barrel at the target (as with cannon).

    October 9, 2008

  • c1350 in Trans. Philol. Soc. (1906) 511 Morter, pil et mundiloun, Morter, pestelle and pootstikke.

    July 21, 2008