from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Made shiny and smooth by rubbing or chemical action.
  • adjective Naturally shiny and smooth.
  • adjective Having the husk or outer layers removed. Used of grains of rice.
  • adjective Refined or sophisticated.
  • adjective Having no imperfections or errors; well-executed; flawless.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Made smooth by polishing.
  • Having naturally a smooth, lustrous surface, like that produced by polishing; specifically, in entomology smooth and shining, but without metallic luster.
  • Brought by training or elaboration to a condition void of roughness, irregularity, imperfections, or inelegances; carefully elaborated; especially, elegant; refined; polite.
  • Purified; absolved.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Made smooth and glossy, as by friction; hence, highly finished; refined; polite

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Made smooth or shiny by polishing.
  • adjective refined, elegant
  • verb Simple past tense and past participle of polish.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective (of grains especially rice) having the husk or outer layers removed
  • adjective (of lumber or stone) to trim and smooth
  • adjective showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience
  • adjective perfected or made shiny and smooth


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