from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act of reduplicating or the state of being reduplicated.
- n. The product or result of reduplicating.
- n. Linguistics A word formed by or containing a reduplicated element.
- n. Linguistics The added element in a word form that is reduplicated.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The act of, or an instance of, reduplicating.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of doubling, or the state of being doubled.
- n. A figure in which the first word of a verse is the same as the last word of the preceding verse.
- n. The doubling of a stem or syllable (more or less modified), with the effect of changing the time expressed, intensifying the meaning, or making the word more imitative; also, the syllable thus added.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of reduplicating, redoubling, or repeating, or the state of being reduplicated.
- n. In rhetoric, a figure in which a verse ends with the same word with which the following begins.
- n. In philol.:
- n. The repetition of a syllable (usually a root-syllable), or of the initial part, often with more or less modification, in various processes of word-formation and inflection.
- n. The new syllable formed by reduplication.
- n. In logic, an expression affixed to the subject of a proposition, showing the formal cause of its possession of the predicate: as, “man, as an animal, has a stomach,” where the expression “as an animal” is the reduplication.
- n. In anatomy and zoology, a folding of a part; a folded part; a fold or duplication, as of a membrane, of the skin, etc. Also reduplicature.
- n. In pathology, the repetition of the sequence of symptoms in a case of intermittent malarial fever of double type.
- n. In mech., the principle, in a cord-and-pulley, that the greater the number of turns of the rope in the pulleys, the greater the load that can be lifted by a given pull on the hauling-rope.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
- n. a word formed by or containing a repeated syllable or speech sound (usually at the beginning of the word)
- n. the syllable added in a reduplicated word form
- n. the act of repeating over and again (or an instance thereof)
The former has final reduplication, which is absent in the latter; e.g., al-yebeb-in I show (or showed) to him, al-yeb-in I shall show him.
Another phenomenon closely connected with this part of the subject is that of reduplication, which is produced by simply forming in the astral light a perfect mental image of the object to be copied, and then gathering about that mould the necessary physical matter.
Pluperf., and 3d Fut. not only do the same throughout the moods, but also prefix to the _syllabic_ augment the initial consonant of the root ( "reduplication") when this is a simple consonant or a mute followed by a liquid.
Shakespeare delights much in this kind of reduplication, sometimes so as to obscure his meaning.
Shelley’s essay multiplies the terms for this sort of, typically mimetic, representation: "reduplication",
But business groups say reduplication hurts productivity in many jobs, and can be dangerous in others.
The reduplication of the first syllable is a common way of implying repetitive action, as "to rub or scratch" implies. back
Doesn't the unusual pattern of reduplication in Greek μαρμαίρω marmáirō deserve explanation?
However after the loss of laryngeals, *h₃e-h₃elh₁- /xʷe-xʷelh-/ would tend towards *ōl- and would no longer look like reduplication.
Taken individually, odd reduplication, the appearance of a prothetic a-, *or* a-vocalism of the root doesn't necessarily suggest non-IE origin, I realize.