from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The usually warmest season of the year, occurring between spring and autumn and constituting June, July, and August in the Northern Hemisphere, or, as calculated astronomically, extending from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox.
  • n. A period of fruition, fulfillment, happiness, or beauty.
  • n. A year: a girl of 13 summers.
  • transitive v. To lodge or keep during the summer: summered the herd in the south meadow.
  • intransitive v. To pass the summer: They summered at a beach resort.
  • adj. Of, having to do with, occurring in, or appropriate to the season of summer: summer heat; summer attire.
  • adj. Grown during the season of summer: summer crops.
  • n. A heavy horizontal timber that serves as a supporting beam, especially for the floor above.
  • n. A lintel.
  • n. A large, heavy stone usually set on the top of a column or pilaster to support an arch or lintel.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. One of four seasons, traditionally the second, marked by the longest and typically hottest days of the year due to the inclination of the Earth and thermal lag. Typically regarded as being from June 22 to September 23 in parts of the USA, and the months of December, January and February in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • v. To spend the summer, as in a particular place on holiday.
  • n. A pack-horse.
  • n. A horizontal beam supporting a building.
  • n. A person who sums.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who sums; one who casts up an account.
  • n. A large stone or beam placed horizontally on columns, piers, posts, or the like, serving for various uses. Specifically: (a) The lintel of a door or window. (b) The commencement of a cross vault. (c) A central floor timber, as a girder, or a piece reaching from a wall to a girder. Called also summertree.
  • n. The season of the year in which the sun shines most directly upon any region; the warmest period of the year.
  • intransitive v. To pass the summer; to spend the warm season.
  • transitive v. To keep or carry through the summer; to feed during the summer.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The warmest season of the year: in the United States reckoned as the months June, July, and August; in Great Britain as May, June, and July. See season.
  • n. A whole year as represented by the summer; a twelvemonth: as, a child of three summers.
  • Of or pertaining to summer: as, summer heat; hence, sunny and warm.
  • The green sandpiper.
  • The dunlin or purre.
  • To pass the summer or warm season.
  • To keep or carry through the summer.
  • To feed during the summer, as cattle.
  • n. A pack-horse; a sumpter-horse.
  • n. In building: A large timber or beam laid as a bearing-beam. See cuts under beam, 1.
  • n. A girder.
  • n. A brest-summer.
  • n. A large stone, the first that is laid upon a column or pilaster in the construction of an arch, or of several arches uniting upon one impost, as in the ribs of groined vaulting.
  • n. A stone laid upon a column to receive a haunch of a plat-band.
  • n. A lintel.
  • n. One who sums; one who casts up an account.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the warmest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox
  • n. the period of finest development, happiness, or beauty
  • v. spend the summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor.
Middle English, beam, pack animal, from Anglo-Norman sumer, from Vulgar Latin *saumārius, from Late Latin sagmārius, pertaining to a packsaddle, packhorse, from sagma, packsaddle; see sumpter.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English somer, sumer, from Old English sumor ("summer"), from Proto-Germanic *sumaraz (“summer”), from Proto-Indo-European *sam-, *sem-, *sm̥-h₂-ó- (“summer, year”). Cognate with Scots somer, sumer, simer ("summer"), West Frisian simmer ("summer"), Saterland Frisian Suumer ("summer"), Dutch zomer ("summer"), Low German Sommer ("summer"), German Sommer ("summer"), Swedish sommar ("summer"), Icelandic sumar ("summer"), Welsh haf ("summer"), Armenian ամ (am, "year"), ամառ (amaṙ, "summer"), Sanskrit  (sámā, "a half-year, season, weather, year"). (Wiktionary)
From Anglo-Norman somer, sumer, from Vulgar Latin saumārius, for Latin sagmārius, from sagma ("sum"). (Wiktionary)
to sum + -er (Wiktionary)



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  • let's have an estival festival.

    June 27, 2008

  • Haha!

    Uh oh. Earworm....

    June 27, 2008

  • Wordie time! DO Do do do...can't touch this!

    June 26, 2008

  • Odd, this is different than the synsets on the WordNet page for WordNet page for Summer.

    June 10, 2008

  • True, Prolagus. So uncomfortable....

    June 9, 2008

  • Yes, weirdnet, in fact I hate those periods of time during which I'm not in a particular life state.

    June 9, 2008