from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Betrothal.
  • n. One's pledged fidelity.
  • n. Good faith; fidelity.
  • transitive v. To pledge or betroth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. an oath, promise, or pledge
  • n. specifically, a promise or pledge to marry someone
  • n. the state of being thus pledged ; betrothal, engagement

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Belief; faith; fidelity.
  • n. Truth; verity; veracity.
  • n. Betrothal.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To plight; betroth.
  • n. Truth; verity: as, in troth (a phrase used interjectionally, and often colloquially reduced to troth).
  • n. Faith; fidelity: as, to pledge or plight one's troth.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a mutual promise to marry
  • n. a solemn pledge of fidelity


Middle English trouthe, trothe, variant of treuthe, from Old English trēowth, truth; see deru- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English trouthe, trowthe, variant of treouthe, treuthe, from Old English trēowþ, trīewþ ("truth, veracity; faith, fidelity; pledge, covenant"), from Proto-Germanic *triwwiþō (“promise, contract”), equivalent to true +‎ -th. More at truth. (Wiktionary)



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  • I am wise for myself: then tell me, of troth,
    Is not that great wisdom, as the world go'th?
    Some philosophers in the street go ragged and torn,
    And feed on vile roots, whom boys laugh to scorn;
    But I in fine silks haunt Dionysius' palace,
    Wherein with dainty fare myself I do solace.

    - Richard Edwardes, 'Damon and Pithias', 1571.

    October 24, 2008