from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
- n. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The process of knowing.
- n. A result of a cognitive process.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of knowing; knowledge; perception.
- n. That which is known.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Knowledge, or certain knowledge, as from personal view or experience; perception; cognizance.
- n. A mental act or process, or the product of an act, of the general nature of knowing or learning.
- n. The formation of a concept, judgment, or argument, or that which is formed; the acquisition of knowledge by thinking, or the knowledge itself.
- n. A mental representation (the act or the product) which, by the operation of sensory perception or thought, is made to correspond to an external object, though not, it may be, accurately. The word cognitio was the ordinary scholastic term in this sense. Cognition was occasionally used by Hobbes, Cudworth, and other writers whose vocabulary was strongly influenced by the Latin, but is rarely met with in later English before Hamilton.
- n. In old Scots law, a process in the Court of Session by which cases concerning disputed marches were determined.
- n. Same as cognizance, 2.
- n. Cognition by direct insight, and not by ratiocination.
- n. Present perception of an object, with consciousness of it as an object.
- n. Knowledge more or less readily capable of practical application: opposed to speculative or metaphysical cognition, which is either incapable or not readily capable of such application.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
Middle English cognicioun, from Latin cognitiō, cognitiōn-, from cognitus, past participle of cognōscere, to learn : co-, intensive pref.; see co- + gnōscere, to know; see gnō- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English cognicion, from Latin cognitio ("knowledge, perception, a judicial examination, trial"), from cognitus, past participle of cognoscere ("to know"), from co- ("together") + *gnoscere, older form of noscere ("to know"); see know, and compare cognize, cognizance, cognizor, cognosce, connoisseur. (Wiktionary)