from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The tarsal joint of the hind leg of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, corresponding to the human ankle but bending in the opposite direction.
- n. A joint in the leg of a domestic fowl similar to the hock of a quadruped.
- n. A small cut of meat, especially ham, from the front or hind leg directly above the foot.
- transitive v. To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; hamstring.
- n. Chiefly British Rhine wine.
- transitive v. To pawn: hock a diamond ring.
- n. The state of being pawned: put the diamonds in hock.
- n. The state of being in debt: thought we'd never get out of hock.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To leave with a pawnbroker as security for a loan.
- n. Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
- n. Debt.
- n. Installment purchase.
- n. Prison.
- n. A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region, but often applied to all Rhenish wines.
- n. The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
- n. Meat from that part of a food animal.
- v. To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.
- v. To bother; to pester; to annoy incessantly
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still. The name is also given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines.
- n. The joint in the hind limb of quadrupeds between the leg and shank, or tibia and tarsus, and corresponding to the ankle in man.
- n. A piece cut by butchers, esp. in pork, from either the front or hind leg, just above the foot.
- n. The popliteal space; the ham.
- transitive v. To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.
- transitive v. To pawn.
- n. The state of having been pawned; usually preceded by in.
- n. The state of being in debt.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The joint on the hind leg of a quadruped between the knee and the fetlock, corresponding to the ankle-joint in man; that part of the leg between the tibia and the cannon-bone, consisting of the ankle-bones more or less completely united.
- n. In man, the back part of the knee-joint; the ham.
- n. In the game of faro, the last card remaining in the box after all the others have been dealt.
- To ham-string; disable by cutting the sinew or tendon of the hock —that is the tendo Achillis.
- n. Mallow; hollyhock.
- n. A variant of hack.
- n. A caterpillar.
- n. An old game of cards.
- n. Originally, the wine Hochheimer (which see).
- n. Any white German wine.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. leave as a guarantee in return for money
- n. any of several white wines from the Rhine River valley in Germany (`hock' is British usage)
- v. disable by cutting the hock
- n. tarsal joint of the hind leg of hoofed mammals; corresponds to the human ankle
Middle English, from Old English hōh, heel.
Short for obsolete Hockamore, alteration of German Hochheimer, from Hochheim, a town of west-central Germany.
Probably from Dutch hok, prison.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
(Can we verify(+) this etymology?) From Dutch hok ("prison, debt"). (Wiktionary)
From hockamore, from the name of the German town of Hochheim am Main. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English hoch, hough, hocke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (cf. West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk (cf. Lithuanian kìnka ‘leg, thigh, knee-cap’, kenklė̃ ‘knee-cap’, Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla) ‘skeleton’) (Wiktionary)