from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Either or both of the upright curved lines, ( ), used to mark off explanatory or qualifying remarks in writing or printing or enclose a sum, product, or other expression considered or treated as a collective entity in a mathematical operation.
- n. A qualifying or amplifying word, phrase, or sentence inserted within written matter in such a way as to be independent of the surrounding grammatical structure.
- n. A comment departing from the theme of discourse; a digression.
- n. An interruption of continuity; an interval: "This is one of the things I wasn't prepared for—the amount of unfilled time, the long parentheses of nothing” ( Margaret Atwood).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A clause, phrase or word which is inserted (usually for explanation or amplification) into a passage which is already grammatically complete, and usually marked off with brackets, commas or dashes.
- n. Either of a pair of brackets, especially round brackets, ( and ) (used to enclose parenthetical material in a text).
- n. A digression; the use of such digressions.
- n. Such brackets as used to clarify expressions by grouping those terms affected by a common operator, or to enclose the components of a vector or the elements of a matrix.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A word, phrase, or sentence, by way of comment or explanation, inserted in, or attached to, a sentence which would be grammatically complete without it. It is usually inclosed within curved lines (see def. 2 below), or dashes.
- n. One of the curved lines () which inclose a parenthetic word or phrase.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An explanatory or qualifying clause, sentence, or paragraph inserted in another sentence or in the course of a longer passage, without being grammatically connected with it.
- n. The upright curves ( ) collectively, or either of them separately, used by printers and writers to mark off an interjected explanatory clause or qualifying remark: as, to place a word or clause in parenthesis or within parentheses.
- n. An interval; a break; an episode.
- n. Abbreviated par.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. either of two punctuation marks (or) used to enclose textual material
- n. a message that departs from the main subject
Late Latin, insertion of a letter or syllable in a word, from Greek, from parentithenai, to insert : para-, beside; see para-1 + en-, in; see en in Indo-European roots + tithenai, to put; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Either indirectly via Middle French parenthese or directly from Late Latin parenthesis ("addition of a letter to a syllable in a word"), from Ancient Greek παρένθεσις (parenthesis), from παρεντίθημι (parentithēmi, "I put in beside, mix up"), from παρά (para, "beside") + ἐν (en, "in") + τίθημι (tithēmi, "put, place") (from Proto-Indo-European base *dhe- "to put, to do"). (Wiktionary)