from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. That which has mass and occupies space; matter.
- n. A material of a particular kind or constitution.
- n. Essential nature; essence.
- n. Gist; heart.
- n. That which is solid and practical in character, quality, or importance: a plan without substance.
- n. Density; body: Air has little substance.
- n. Material possessions; goods; wealth: a person of substance.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Physical matter; material.
- n. The essential part of anything; the most vital part.
- n. Considerable wealth or resources.
- n. Drugs (illegal narcotics)
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena, whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes anything what it is; real or existing essence.
- n. The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the main part; essential import; purport.
- n. Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness
- n. Material possessions; estate; property; resources.
- n. Same as Hypostasis, 2.
- transitive v. To furnish or endow with substance; to supply property to; to make rich.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. That which exists by itself, and in which accidents inhere; that which receives modifications, and is not itself a mode; that which corresponds, in the reality of things, to the subject in logic.
- n. The real or essential part; the essence.
- n. In theology, the divine being or essence, common to the three persons of the Trinity.
- n. The character of being a substance, in sense 1; substantiality.
- n. The meaning expressed by any speech or writing, or the purport of any action, as contradistinguished from the mode of expression or performance.
- n. Substantiation; that which establishes or gives firm support.
- n. Any particular kind of corporeal matter; stuff; material; part; body: specifically, a chemical species.
- n. Wealth; means; good estate: as, a man of substance.
- n. Importance.
- n. The main part; the majority.
- n. Synonyms Pith, gist, soul.
- To furnish with substance or property; enrich.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. what a communication that is about something is about
- n. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
- n. considerable capital (wealth or income)
- n. a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties
- n. material of a particular kind or constitution
- n. the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
- n. the idea that is intended
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin substantia, from substāns, substant-, present participle of substāre, to be present : sub-, sub- + stāre, to stand.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French substance, from Latin substantia ("substance, essence"), from substāns, present active participle of substō ("exist; literally, stand under"), from sub + stō ("stand"). (Wiktionary)