from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A crucifix symbolizing the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
- n. A large, usually wooden crucifix surmounting the rood screen or rood beam of a medieval church.
- n. Chiefly British A measure of length that varies from 5 1/2 to 8 yards (5.0 to 7.3 meters).
- n. A measure of land equal to 1/4 acre, or 40 square rods (0.10 hectare).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A crucifix, cross.
- n. A measure of land area, equal to a quarter of an acre.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A representation in sculpture or in painting of the cross with Christ hanging on it.
- n. A measure of five and a half yards in length; a rod; a perch; a pole.
- n. The fourth part of an acre, or forty square rods.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A rod. See rod, 1.
- n. A cross or crucifix; especially, a large crucifix placed at the entrance to the choir in medieval churches, often supported on the rood-beam or rood-screen.
- n. A name of various measures.
- n. A square pole, or 30¼ square yards, used in estimating masons' work; also, locally, a measure of 36, 42¼, 44, 49, or 64 square yards.
- n. A cubic measure for masons' work of 64, 72, etc., cubic yards.
- n. Same as Holy-cross day (which see, under day).
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. representation of the cross on which Jesus died
Middle English, from Old English rōd.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English rood, from Old English rōd ("a rod, pole, rood (land measure), plot of land of a square rod, a cross, rood (as in Holy-rood), gallows, a cross on which a person is executed, death on a cross, crucifix"), from Proto-Germanic *rōdō, *rōdōn (“rod, pole”), from Proto-Indo-European *rōt-, *rāt- (“bar, beam, stem”). Cognate with German Rute ("rod, cane, pole"), Norwegian roda ("rod"). Largely displaced by cross. More at rod. (Wiktionary)