Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A strong feeling of displeasure or hostility.
  • transitive v. To make angry; enrage or provoke.
  • intransitive v. To become angry: She angers too quickly.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A strong feeling of displeasure, hostility or antagonism towards someone or something, usually combined with an urge to harm.
  • n. Pain or stinging.
  • v. To cause such a feeling of antagonism.
  • v. To become angry.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or smart of a sore, etc.
  • n. A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism, excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to one's self or others, or by the intent to do such injury.
  • transitive v. To make painful; to cause to smart; to inflame.
  • transitive v. To excite to anger; to enrage; to provoke.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Grief; trouble; distress; anguish.
  • n. A revengeful passion or emotion directed against one who inflicts a real or supposed wrong; “uneasiness or discomposure of mind upon the receipt of any injury, with a present purpose of revenge,” Locke; wrath; ire.
  • n. An individual fit of anger; an expression of anger, as a threat: in this sense it may be used in the plural.
  • n. Pain or smart, as of a sore or swelling. This sense is still retained by the adjective. See angry, 8.
  • n. Synonyms Anger, Vexation, Indignation, Resentment, Wrath, Ire, Choler, Rage, Fury, passion, displeasure, dudgeon, irritation, gall, bile, spleen. Vexation is the least forcible of these words, expressing the annoyance and impatient chafing of one whose mood has been crossed, whose expectations have not been realized, etc. Indignation may be the most high-minded and unselfish; it is intense feeling in view of grossly unworthy conduct, whether toward one's self or toward others. The other words denote almost exclusively feeling excited by the sense of personal injury. Anger is a sudden violent feeling of displeasure over injury, disobedience, etc., accompanied by a retaliatory impulse; it easily becomes excessive, and its manifestation is generally accompanied by a loss of self-control. Resentment is the broadest in its meaning, denoting the instinctive and proper recoil of feeling when one is injured, and often a deep and bitter brooding over past wrongs, with a consequent hatred and settled desire for vengeance; it is, in the latter sense, the coolest and most permanent of these feelings. Wrath and ire express sudden feeling of great power, and are often associated with the notion of the superiority of the person: as, the wrath of Jove, the ire of Achilles. They are often the result of wounded pride. Ire is poetic. Wrath has also an exalted sense, expressive of a lofty indignation visiting justice upon wrong-doing. Rage is an outburst of anger, with little or no self-control; fury is even more violent than rage, rising almost to madness. The chief characteristic of choler is quickness to rise; it is irascibility, easily breaking into a high degree of resentful feeling.
  • To grieve; trouble; distress; afflict.
  • To make painful; cause to smart; inflame; irritate: as, to anger an ulcer. Bacon.
  • To excite to anger or wrath; rouse resentment in.
  • Synonyms To irritate, chafe, provoke, vex, enrage, exasperate, infuriate.
  • To become angry.
  • n. An occasional spelling of angor.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance
  • v. become angry
  • n. the state of being angry
  • n. belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins)
  • v. make angry

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old Norse angr, sorrow.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English anger ("grief, pain, trouble, affliction, vexation, sorrow, wrath"), from Old Norse angr, ǫngr ("affliction, sorrow"), from ang, ǫng ("troubled"), from Proto-Germanic *anguz, *angwuz (“narrow, strait”), from Proto-Indo-European *amǵʰ- (“narrow, tied together”). Cognate with Danish anger ("regret, remorse"), Swedish ånger ("regret"), Icelandic angur ("trouble"), Old English ange, enge ("narrow, close, straitened, constrained, confined, vexed, troubled, sorrowful, anxious, oppressive, severe, painful, cruel"), German Angst ("anxiety, anguish, fear"), Latin angō ("squeeze, choke, vex"), Albanian ang ("fear, anxiety, pain, nightmare"), Ancient Greek ἄγχω (ankhō, "I squeeze, strangle"), Sanskrit अंहु (aṃhu, "anxiety, distress"). Also compare anguish, anxious, quinsy, and perhaps to awe and ugly. The word seems to have originally meant “to choke, squeeze”. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • "He felt a sudden anger at SheAlmighty. People around him could have been happy. He could have been happy himself. At Leisemeer's restaurant they could all have felt like absolute kings. Or better yet, like gods, for after eating and drinking and receiving royal service, the tableware disappeared, the footmen disappeared, the whole feudal illusion disappeared, and one was out in the carefree Copenhagen night.
    Instead one found natural catastrophes. Children mistreated. Kidnappings. Loneliness. Separation of people who love each other.
    His anger increased. The problem with anger against God is that it's impossible to go higher in the system to complain."
    - 'The Quiet Girl', Peter Høeg.

    March 18, 2008