Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Hostility that results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness. See Synonyms at enmity.
  • n. The condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor: the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism.
  • n. Biochemistry Interference in the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A strong natural dislike or hatred; antipathy.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Opposition of action; counteraction or contrariety of things or principles.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The state of being mutually opposed; mutual resistance or opposition of two forces in action; contrariety of things or principles.
  • n. The act of antagonizing; opposition.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility
  • n. a state of deep-seated ill-will
  • n. the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors
  • n. (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure

Etymologies

From Ancient Greek ἀνταγωνιστής ("opponent"), from ἀνταγωνίζεσθαι ("antagonize"), from Ancient Greek ἀγών ("contest") (English agon). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • And even when they do manage to notice a rise in antagonism, they somehow employ the wrong strategy to placate it.

    Matthew Yglesias » Is The Universe a Hologram? Should We Care?

  • Antagonism never lulled revolution, and antagonism is about all the capitalist class offers.

    Revolution

  • I think that relationship of antagonism is pretty damn important to that type of fiction, and the fundamental difference in attitude between that and "pro-strange" WFA winners is a point of interest, surely.

    Narrative Grammars

  • That my own rhetoric of antagonism is just as deserving of destruction as that of those monomaniacs I'm opposing.

    Archive 2006-02-01

  • The CPIM believes in the genesis and development of the Tatas, Birlas, etc. through basically long-term antagonism with the British Capital.

    A Maoist critique of the CPI(Marxist)

  • Some historians closer to the CPI have been pedalling for long such a distorted view on “the long-term antagonism and short-term accommodation and dependence” of the big bourgeoisie in India during the freedom movement which advanced “towards a bourgeois nation state and independent development.”

    A Maoist critique of the CPI(Marxist)

  • But despite this new knowledge, the mystery of the LSD-serotonin antagonism persisted.

    LSD and the Third Eye

  • There is a certain antagonism between the hypophysis and the pancreas.

    Bernardo Houssay - Nobel Lecture

  • When the antagonism is increased, poetry replaces the subordinate thought of the politician who makes poetry into an idea that can be exploited or extinguished.

    Salvatore Quasimodo - Nobel Lecture

  • There are evidences around us now that antagonism is breaking down and a more friendly opinion stirring.

    Prudence Crandall, Woman of Courage

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