from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Relying on or derived from observation or experiment: empirical results that supported the hypothesis.
- adj. Verifiable or provable by means of observation or experiment: empirical laws.
- adj. Guided by practical experience and not theory, especially in medicine.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to or based on experience.
- adj. Pertaining to, derived from, or testable by observations made using the physical senses or using instruments which extend the senses.
- adj. Verifiable by means of scientific experimentation.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to or derived from experience or experiments; depending upon or derived from the observation of phenomena.
- as a general proposition, from a narrow range of observation, without any warrant for its exactitude or for its wider validity.
- Pertaining to the medical practice of an empiric, in either of the medical senses of that word; hence, charlatanical; quackish.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. relying on medical quackery
- adj. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
To all knowledge obtained through the observation of facts and phenomena, the term empirical is properly applied.
Do you consider this a valid example of what you call empirical evidence?
This is what we call empirical information, on the ground.
This is what we call empirical information on the ground.
The definition of "empirical" is that which is directly observed or perceived through our sensory equipment.
What he didn't say: "The Tealiban/Teatards are bringing such wonderful, fact-based rational analyses and substantive arguments steeped in empirical evidence to the table, that we just can't help but consider everything they have to say and allow it to influence our decision-making."
It is true that religions are not belief systems grounded in empirical results.
Unfortunately, these unrealistic assumptions not only are used in empirical models, but also get into the mental models of policy makers.
David Card and Alan Krueger have done lots of work in empirical labor economics based on natural experiment methodology.
Aaron, it is always worth noting that one is more likely to hear a point of view rooted in empirical thinking, regarding baseball player performance, at closing time in a saloon, than one is likely to hear an opinion regarding economics or politics, that is similarly rooted in empirical thinking, among supposedly sober pundits on the internet or cable t.v..