from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • v. Variant of endorse.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. Alternative form of endorse.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To cover the back of; to load or burden.
  • transitive v. To write upon the back or outside of a paper or letter, as a direction, heading, memorandum, or address.
  • transitive v. To write one's name, alone or with other words, upon the back of (a paper), for the purpose of transferring it, or to secure the payment of a note, draft, or the like; to guarantee the payment, fulfillment, performance, or validity of, or to certify something upon the back of (a check, draft, writ, warrant of arrest, etc.).
  • transitive v. To give one's name or support to; to sanction; to aid by approval; to approve.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To place something on the back of; burden; load.
  • To write one's name, or some brief remark, statement, or memorandum, on the back of (a paper or document), as in assigning, or guaranteeing the payment of, a note or bill of exchange, or in briefing or docketing legal papers, invoices, etc.: as, the bill was indorsed to the bank; he was looking for a friend to indorse his note; a letter indorsed “London, 1868”: loosely used of writing added upon any part of a document.
  • To sanction; ratify; approve: as, to indorse a statement or the opinions of another.
  • In heraldry, to place back to back.
  • n. In heraldry, a bearing like the pale, but of one fourth its width.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. give support or one's approval to
  • v. sign as evidence of legal transfer
  • v. guarantee as meeting a certain standard
  • v. be behind; approve of


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Alteration influenced by Medieval Latin indorsare of Middle English endosse, from Old French endosser ("to put on back"), from Latin dossum, alternative form of dorsum ("back"), from which also dorsal ("of the back"). That is, the ‘r’ was dropped in Latin dossum, which developed into Old French and then Middle English endosse, and then the ‘r’ was re-introduced into English via the Medieval Latin indorsare, which had retained the ‘r’; at the same time the ‘e’ (French) was changed to ‘i’ (Latin) (in-, rather than en-). Note that the alternative form endorse is now more common, retaining the restored ‘r’ but reverting to the initial ‘e’, rather than the Latinate ‘i’.



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