from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The jaw, especially the lower jaw.
  • n. The cheek.
  • n. The flesh under the lower jaw, especially when plump or flaccid.
  • n. A fleshy part similar to a jowl, such as the dewlap of a cow or the wattle of a fowl.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. the jaw, jawbone; especially one of the lateral parts of the mandible.
  • n. the cheek; especially the cheek meat of a hog.
  • v. To throw, dash, or knock.
  • n. a fold of fatty flesh under the chin, around the cheeks, or lower jaw (as a dewlap, wattle, crop, or double chin).
  • n. cut of fish including the head and adjacent parts

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The cheek; the jaw.
  • transitive v. To throw, dash, or knock.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To strike or dash, as the jowl or head; butt; clash with violence, as horns.
  • To scold; “jaw.”
  • In coal-mining, to hammer on the coal for the purpose of ascertaining what thickness intervenes between two contiguous workings.
  • n. The cheek.
  • n. The cheek or head of a pig, salmon, etc., prepared for the table: as, jowl and greens is a Virginia dish.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a fullness and looseness of the flesh of the lower cheek and jaw (characteristic of aging)
  • n. the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English chavel, chaule, jaule (influenced by joue, jaw or jol, head), from Old English ceafl.
Alteration of Middle English cholle (influenced by Middle English joue, jaw or jol, head).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English chawl, chavel ("cheek, jaw"), from Old English ċeafl, from Proto-Germanic *keblan (compare Dutch kevels ("jawbones"), Swiss German Chifel), variant of *kebran (compare German Kiefer), enlargement of Proto-Germanic *keban (compare Low German Keve, Keben ("jaw; gill") (pl.), Palatinate German Kife), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵebʰ- (compare Irish gob ("mouth"), Lithuanian žė̃bti ("to chew"), Czech žábra ("gills"), Avestan  (zafar, "mouth")).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Middle English cholle ("wattle, jowl"), from Old English ċeole, ċeolu ("throat"), from Proto-Germanic *kelōn (“gullet”) (compare West Frisian kiel, Dutch keel, German Kehle), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelu- (“to swallow”) (compare Irish in-gilim ("I graze"), goile ("stomach"), Latin gula ("throat"), gluttīre ("to swallow"), Russian глотать (glotatʹ, "to swallow, gulp"), Greek δέλεαρ (délear, "lure"), Armenian կլանել (klanel, "I swallow"), Persian گلو (galû), Hindi गला (galā, "neck, throat")).


  • He went to the edge of the shaft, and then heard unmistakably, far below him, the "jowl" for which we had listened in vain on the previous morning.

    Memoirs of Sir Wemyss Reid 1842-1885

  • He was armed with a hammer, and with this he struck one of the metal guiders of the ruined cage, giving the pitman's "jowl" or signal, "three times three, and one over."

    Memoirs of Sir Wemyss Reid 1842-1885

  • 'jowl' of earthenware -- that was the local word for it -- a batch of dough was set before a fire to rise.

    Despair's Last Journey

  • I've long been a secret fan of those day-glo curling stones which spend all day drying out under chip shop heat lamps, cheek by jowl with the savs and cheese pies, but I really fell in love with the fish cake when a far worldlier boyfriend whisked me off to lunch at Le Caprice for my 18th birthday.

    How to cook perfect fishcakes

  • But of march impertinence by jowl with imitation we find a tiny of a many gloriously relocating denunciation ever combined in English.

    Archive 2009-11-01

  • "I was just wondering which was the muckiest, Mr.St. Vincent or you -- or myself, with whom you have both been cheek by jowl."

    CHAPTER 16

  • Hermann von Schmidt cheek by jowl with Charley Hapgood, and one by one and in pairs he judged them and dismissed them — judged them by the standards of intellect and morality he had learned from the books.

    Chapter 29

  • What did they do, all the chaps I knew, the chaps in the clubs with whom I'd been cheek by jowl for heaven knows how long?

    Chapter IX

  • "That it's a crying shame for a man to kape company with -- with you, an 'at the same time be chake by jowl with a woman iv her stamp."

    CHAPTER 16

  • Best bar for after-work drinks: Much of the evening entertainment takes place around the dozens of bars and restaurants sitting cheek by jowl in the waterfront area in Piazza Bellini, with its live-music clubs, not to mention street entertainers busking for change.

    A Business Traveler's Guide to Naples


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