from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Dry food, such as hay, used as feed for livestock.
  • n. Food or provisions.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Food, especially for livestock.
  • n. An edible material that provides sustenance.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Dry food for domestic animals, as hay, straw, corn, oats, or a mixture of ground grain; feed.
  • n. Food or provisions.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To feed; fodder, as a horse.
  • n. Food; provisions; especially, dry food for beasts, as hay, straw, or corn; fodder.
  • n. A prebend.
  • n. Synonyms Fodder, etc. See feed, n.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. food for domestic livestock
  • n. a stock or supply of foods


Middle English provendre, from Old French, alteration of provende, from Vulgar Latin *prōvenda, alteration (influenced by Latin prōvidēre, to provide) of Late Latin praebenda; see prebend.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English provendre, from Old French provendre, var. of provende ("allowance, provision"), from Late Latin praebenda ("a payment, in Medieval Latin also an allowance of food and drink, pittance, also a prebend"); see prebend. (Wiktionary)



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  • This word was used in "The Fellowship Of The Rings" book when talking about Bilbo's birthday party.

    February 10, 2013

  • "We had provender for a fortnight in the wilderness. . ." "Fifty-seven Views of Fujiyama" by Guy Davenport

    January 19, 2010

  • "I found a bench to myself, and began to bite greedily into my provender. It did me good; it was a long time since I had had such a square meal, and, by degrees, I felt the same sated quiet steal over me that one feels after a good long cry."
    - Knut Hamsun, 'Hunger'.

    July 25, 2009