Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To feel remorse, contrition, or self-reproach for what one has done or failed to do; be contrite.
  • intransitive v. To feel such regret for past conduct as to change one's mind regarding it: repented of intemperate behavior.
  • intransitive v. To make a change for the better as a result of remorse or contrition for one's sins.
  • transitive v. To feel regret or self-reproach for: repent one's sins.
  • transitive v. To cause to feel remorse or regret.
  • adj. Biology Creeping along the ground; prostrate.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To feel pain, sorrow, or regret for what one has done or omitted to do; the cause for repenting may be indicated with "of".
  • v. To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to love and practice sin.
  • v. To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.
  • v. To be sorry for, to regret.
  • v. To cause to have sorrow or regret.
  • v. To cause (oneself) to feel pain or regret.
  • adj. Creeping along the ground.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Prostrate and rooting; -- said of stems.
  • adj. Same as Reptant.
  • intransitive v. To feel pain, sorrow, or regret, for what one has done or omitted to do.
  • intransitive v. To change the mind, or the course of conduct, on account of regret or dissatisfaction.
  • intransitive v. To be sorry for sin as morally evil, and to seek forgiveness; to cease to love and practice sin.
  • transitive v. To feel pain on account of; to remember with sorrow.
  • transitive v. To feel regret or sorrow; -- used reflexively.
  • transitive v. To cause to have sorrow or regret; -- used impersonally.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To feel pain, sorrow, or regret for something one has done or left undone.
  • Especially, to experience such sorrow for sin as produces amendment of life; be grieved over one's past life, and seek forgiveness; be penitent. See repentance.
  • To do penance.
  • To change the mind or course of conduct in consequence of regret or dissatisfaction with something that is past.
  • To express sorrow for something past.
  • =Syn. 1–4. See repentance.
  • To remember or regard with contrition, compunction, or self-reproach; feel self-accusing pain or grief on account of: as, to repent rash words; to repent an injury done to a neighbor.
  • To be sorry for or on account of.
  • n. Repentance.
  • In botany, creeping; growing prostrate along the ground, or horizontally beneath the surface, and rooting progressively.
  • In zoology, creeping, as an animalcule; specifically, of or pertaining to the Repentia.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. turn away from sin or do penitence
  • v. feel remorse for; feel sorry for; be contrite about

Etymologies

Middle English repenten, from Old French repentir : re-, re- + pentir, to be sorry (from Vulgar Latin *paenitīre, from Latin paenitēre).
Latin rēpēns, rēpent-, present participle of rēpere, to creep.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French repentir, from re- + a late derivative of Latin poenitere ("be penitant"), alteration of Latin paenitere. (Wiktionary)
From Latin rēpō ("I creep"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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