from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A hollow or natural passage under or into the earth, especially one with an opening to the surface.
- n. A storage cellar, especially for wine.
- transitive v. To dig or hollow out.
- transitive v. To cause to collapse or fall in. Often used with in: The impact caved in the roof of the car.
- intransitive v. To fall in; collapse. Often used with in: The walls caved in during the earthquake.
- intransitive v. To give up all opposition; yield. Often used with in: The school committee caved in to the demands of parents.
- intransitive v. To explore caves.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A large, naturally-occurring cavity formed underground, or in the face of a cliff or a hillside.
- n. A hole, depression, or gap in earth or rock, whether natural or man-made.
- n. A storage cellar, especially for wine or cheese.
- n. A place of retreat, such as a man cave.
- n. A naturally-occurring cavity in bedrock which is large enough to be entered by an adult.
- n. A shielded area where nuclear experiments can be carried out.
- n. Debris, particularly broken rock, which falls into a drill hole and interferes with drilling.
- n. A collapse or cave-in.
- n. The vagina.
- n. A group that breaks from a larger political party or faction on a particular issue.
- v. To surrender.
- v. To collapse.
- v. To hollow out or undermine.
- v. To engage in the recreational exploration of caves; to spelunk.
- v. In room-and-pillar mining, to extract a deposit of rock by breaking down a pillar which had been holding it in place.
- v. To work over tailings to dress small pieces of marketable ore.
- interj. look out!; beware!
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A hollow place in the earth, either natural or artificial; a subterraneous cavity; a cavern; a den.
- n. Any hollow place, or part; a cavity.
- n. A coalition or group of seceders from a political party, as from the Liberal party in England in 1866. See Adullam, Cave of, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.
- transitive v. To make hollow; to scoop out.
- intransitive v. To dwell in a cave.
- intransitive v. To fall in or down. Hence (Slang), to retreat from a position; to give way; to yield in a disputed matter.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A hollow place in the earth; especially, a natural cavity of considerable size, extending more or less horizontally into a hill or mountain; a cavern; a den.
- n. A cellar; a subterranean chamber.
- n. Any hollow place or part; a cavity.
- n. The ash-pit of a glass-furnace.
- n. [capitalized] A name given to a party in the British Parliament who seceded from the Liberals on the reform bill introduced by them in 1866. See Adullamite.
- n. Any small faction of seceders or dissidents in Parliament.
- To make hollow; hollow out.
- To dwell in a cave.
- To fall in and leave a hollow, as earth on the side of a well or pit: absolutely, or with in: as, the earth began to cave.
- Figuratively, to break down; yield; give up; submit; knock under: absolutely, or with in: as, at this he caved.
- To toss or pitch: as, to cave hay.
- To toss in a threatening or haughty manner: as, to cave the horns (said of horned cattle); to cave the head.
- To clean (threshed grain) by tossing or raking (it) on a barn-floor or a threshing-floor.
- To move; rush.
- To sink; be plunged or buried.
- n. A toss, as of the head.
- n. A cave-in.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. hollow out as if making a cave or opening
- v. explore natural caves
- n. a geological formation consisting of an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the ground or from the sea
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin cava, from neuter pl. of cavus, hollow; see keuə- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English, from Anglo-Norman cave, from Latin cava ("cavity"), from cavus ("hollow"), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱówHwos (“cavity”) (compare Irish cúas ("hollow, cavity"), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱówH- (compare Tocharian B kor ("throat"), Albanian cup ("odd, uneven"), Ancient Greek κύαρ (kýar, "eye of needle, earhole"), Old Armenian սոր (sor, "hole"), Sanskrit शून्य (śūnya, "empty, barren, zero")). (Wiktionary)
From Latin cavē, second-person singular present active imperative of caveō ("to beware"). (Wiktionary)