from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The part of speech that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.
- n. Any of the words belonging to this part of speech, such as so, very, and rapidly.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A word that modifies a verb, adjective, other adverbs, or various other types of words, phrases, or clauses.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In grammar, one of the indeclinable parts of speech: so called from being ordinarily joined to verbs for the purpose of limiting or extending their signification, but used also to qualify adjectives and other adverbs: as, I readily admit; you speak wisely; very cold; naturally brave; very generally acknowledged;
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses
- n. a word that modifies something other than a noun
Remember the definition of an adverb — “an adverb is a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.”
Perhaps no adverb is necessary? blog comments powered by Disqus publicola nerds
Another flat adverb is right, which I used in the phrase read that right a few sentences ago.
(As a possible mnemonic, adverb is a single word and noun phrase is two words.)
Hyphens are reinstated if the - ly adverb is part of a longer compound: formally-agreed-upon format not-so-environmentally-friendly products
“Ahlan” in adverb form lit. = “as one of the household”: so in the greeting “Ahlan wa Sahlan”
The position of the adverb is crucial to the interpretation, though; if the sentence were “Obama hopefully speaks of movement on jobs bill”, I’d get the sentential meaning much more readily than the “full of hope” meaning.
A sentential adverb is asked to modify a sentence — instead of modifying the verb, it modifies the entire proposition — and that, we’re told, just isn’t done.
But I think my favorite example of a flat adverb is fast, because it’s uncontroversially an adverb, and it has no - ly version:
(Other examples: the claim that you shouldn’t end a sentence with a preposition, the claim that “none” takes a singular verb instead of a plural one, and the claim that “hopefully” as a disjunct adverb is nonstandard.)