from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Material, especially barnyard or stable dung, often with discarded animal bedding, used to fertilize soil.
  • transitive v. To fertilize (soil) by applying material such as barnyard dung.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To cultivate by manual labor; to till; hence, to develop by culture.
  • v. To apply manure (as fertilizer or soil improver).
  • n. Animal excrement, especially that of common domestic farm animals and when used as fertilizer. Generally speaking, from cows, horses, sheep, pigs and chickens.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Any matter which makes land productive; a fertilizing substance.
  • transitive v. To cultivate by manual labor; to till; hence, to develop by culture.
  • transitive v. To apply manure to; to enrich, as land, by the application of a fertilizing substance.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • 1. To manage; regulate by care or attention.—2. To cultivate by manual labor; till; develop by culture.
  • To apply manure to; treat with a fertilizer or fertilizing materials or elements: as, to manure a field or a crop.
  • To serve as manure for.
  • n. Any substance added to the soil with the view of rendering it more fertile; specifically, and as used in leases and other contracts relating to real property, the excrementitious product of live stock, with refuse litter, accumulated, and used for enriching the land.
  • n. The advent of commercial fertilizers has made it necessary to distinguish farm or natural manures and artificial manures. Recent usage tends to restrict the term manure to the former. In scientific agriculture, only those applications are properly manures which directly supply plant-food, and those which serve mainly to improve the soil physically (as gypsum, lime, marl) are distinguished as soil amendments or improvers. This distinction affects also, to some extent, the term fertilizer. See artificial manure.
  • n. Unfermented dung. Also called fresh or long manure.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. spread manure, as for fertilization
  • n. any animal or plant material used to fertilize land especially animal excreta usually with litter material


From Middle English manuren, to cultivate land, from Anglo-Norman mainouverer, from Vulgar Latin *manūoperāre, to work with the hands : Latin manū, ablative of manus, hand; see man-2 in Indo-European roots + Latin operārī, to work; see op- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English manuren ("to manure"), from Old French manovrer (whence also English maneuver), from Vulgar Latin *manuoperare ("work by hand"), from Latin manu + operari ("to work"). (Wiktionary)



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