from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act of refining.
- n. The result of refining; an improvement or elaboration.
- n. The state or quality of being refined; cultivation, as in manners or taste.
- n. A keen or precise phrasing; a subtle distinction.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The act, or the result of refining; the removal of impurities, or a purified material
- n. High-class style; cultivation.
- n. A fine or subtle distinction.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of refining, or the state of being refined
- n. That which is refined, elaborated, or polished to excess; an affected subtilty.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of refining or purifying; the act of separating from a substance all extraneous matter; purification: clarification: as, the refinement of metals or liquors.
- n. The state of being pure or purified.
- n. The state of being free from what is coarse, rude, inelegant, debasing, or the like; purity of taste, mind, etc.; elegance of manners or language; culture.
- n. That which proceeds from refining or a desire to refine; a result of elaboration, polish, or nicety: often used to denote an over-nicety, or affected subtlety: as, the refinements of logic or philosophy; the refinements of cunning.
- n. Excessive or extravagant compliment; a form of expression intended to impose on the hearer.
- n. Synonyms Cultivation, etc. See culture.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
- n. the result of improving something
- n. the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)
- n. a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
- n. the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste
Sorry, no etymologies found.
He dwelt on the spirit of freedom existing in America, asserting that their extreme notions of liberty arose from the peculiar religious spirit which existed in the colonies, which he termed a refinement on the principles of resistance, and which was carried with them on their first emigration from England.
Much of what we call refinement is a cruel burden and entails a grievous waste of human energy and happiness.
Is it true that cultivation, what we call refinement, kills individuality?
And Rome had its decadent elites snobbishly revelling in Greek refinement, while the ‘good, simple, oldfashioned’ Romans were lamenting the lost virtues of hard work, patriotism, sobriety etc.
The next refinement is to take into account that the luminous screen is typically round: any alpha particles striking outside the round area will not be visible.
It looks like you only get one page of results, so if the clip is buried deep inside YouTube, only search term refinement will dig it up here.
But although far superior to them in refinement and the various arts of civilization, they were no match in war for the bold mountaineers, the Swiss of Anahuac.
They like to tell us that refinement is the bottleneck, not supply.
One way of encouraging this adult refinement, is to practice having a handful of quiet each day, or especially on the days when that particular child will be in the home.
Leaving apart the question of how to define these variables - at present we have three different definitions competing - in two ways refinement is needed.