Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
  • n. The condition resulting from a sprain.
  • transitive v. To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist.
  • v. To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation; as, to sprain one's ankle.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining.
  • transitive v. To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To press; push.
  • To overstrain, as the muscles or ligaments of a joint so as to injure them, but without luxation or dislocation.
  • n. A violent straining or wrenching of the soft parts surrounding a joint, without dislocation.
  • n. The injury caused by spraining; a sprained joint.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. twist suddenly so as to sprain
  • n. a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Origin unknown.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

1601, verb attested 1622. Possibly from Middle French espraindre ("to press out, to wring"), from Latin exprimere, in which case cognate to express.

Examples

  • Hollins, who has missed the past week with a mild ankle sprain, is averaging 12.2 points and 10.4 rebounds for Fort Worth. ...

    USATODAY.com - Basketball - Boston vs. Charlotte

  • It seems that one of the things that happens with a sprain is "proprioceptive deficit" which is a fancy way to say that you joint ability to "sense" where it is vs where it should be is reduced.

    SMA cobblestones make you healthier

  • They are similar to what is commonly called a sprain, but as they are

    Papers on Health

  • A third-degree sprain translates into a ligament tear.

    theadvertiser.com -

  • Nowitzki turns his ankle on Sunday, McGrady’s back tightens up last night … if Gilbert’s sprain is not bad, 2 weeks might be doable since you know he’s going to go 24-hr rehab.

    Matthew Yglesias » When It Rains

  • When the MRI came back, he did have a deltoid side ankle ligament sprain, which is what we saw all the bleeding from last night….

    T.O.

  • "He has a high ankle sprain, which is a much more difficult sprain," Lowe said.

    National Basketball Association - Bucks vs. Rockets

  • -- A sprain is usually the result of some involuntary stress coming upon the part.

    Papers on Health

  • A twist or strain of the ligaments and soft parts about a joint is known as a sprain, and may result from a great variety of accidents.

    A Practical Physiology

  • -- A sprain is the tearing of the ligaments or capsule of a joint and bursting of small blood vessels, and swelling.

    Rhymes of the Rookies

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