Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To move swiftly on foot so that both feet leave the ground during each stride.
  • intransitive v. To move at a fast gallop. Used of a horse.
  • intransitive v. To retreat rapidly; flee: seized the money and ran.
  • intransitive v. To move without hindrance or restraint: dogs that always ran loose.
  • intransitive v. To go or move about from place to place; roam: I am always running about, looking for my glasses.
  • intransitive v. To migrate, especially to move in a shoal in order to spawn. Used of fish.
  • intransitive v. To move or go quickly; hurry: run for the police; ran for help.
  • intransitive v. To go when in trouble or distress: He is always running to his lawyer.
  • intransitive v. To make a short, quick trip or visit: ran next door to borrow a cup of sugar; ran down to the store.
  • intransitive v. To take part in a race or contest: ran in the marathon; athletes who run for the gold medal.
  • intransitive v. To compete in a race for elected office: ran for mayor.
  • intransitive v. To finish a race or contest in a specified position: ran second.
  • intransitive v. To move freely, on or as if on wheels: The car ran downhill. The drawer runs on small bearings.
  • intransitive v. To be in operation: The engine is running.
  • intransitive v. To go back and forth especially on a regular basis; ply: The ferry runs every hour.
  • intransitive v. Nautical To sail or steer before the wind or on an indicated course: run before a storm.
  • intransitive v. To flow, especially in a steady stream: Fresh water runs from the spring. Turn on the faucet and let the water run.
  • intransitive v. To emit pus, mucus, or serous fluid: Pollen makes my nose run.
  • intransitive v. To be wet or covered with a liquid: The street ran with blood. The mourners' eyes ran with tears.
  • intransitive v. To melt and flow: A hot flame will make the solder run.
  • intransitive v. To spread or dissolve, as dyes in fabric: Colorfast garments are not supposed to run.
  • intransitive v. To extend, stretch, or reach in a certain direction or to a particular point: This road runs to the next town.
  • intransitive v. To extend, spread, or climb as a result of growing: Ivy ran up the wall.
  • intransitive v. To spread rapidly: disease that ran rampant.
  • intransitive v. To be valid in a given area: The speed limit runs only to the town line.
  • intransitive v. To be present as a valid accompaniment: Fishing rights run with ownership of the land.
  • intransitive v. To unravel along a line: Her stocking ran.
  • intransitive v. To continue in effect or operation: a lease with one year to run.
  • intransitive v. To pass: Days ran into weeks.
  • intransitive v. To tend to persist or recur: Stinginess seems to run in that family.
  • intransitive v. To accumulate or accrue: The interest runs from the first of the month.
  • intransitive v. To become payable.
  • intransitive v. To take a particular form, order, or expression: My reasoning runs thus. The report runs as follows.
  • intransitive v. To tend or incline: Their taste in art runs to the bizarre.
  • intransitive v. To occupy or exist in a certain range: The sizes run from small to large.
  • intransitive v. To be presented or performed for a continuous period of time: The play ran for six months.
  • intransitive v. To pass into a specified condition: We ran into debt.
  • intransitive v. Informal To leave; depart: Sorry, I have to run.
  • transitive v. To travel over on foot at a pace faster than a walk: ran the entire distance.
  • transitive v. To cause (an animal) to move quickly or rapidly: We run our hunting dogs every morning.
  • transitive v. To allow to move without restraint.
  • transitive v. To do or accomplish by or as if by running: run errands.
  • transitive v. To hunt or pursue; chase: dogs running deer.
  • transitive v. To bring to a given condition by or as if by running: The toddlers ran me ragged.
  • transitive v. To cause to move quickly: She ran her fingers along the keyboard.
  • transitive v. To cause to compete in or as if in a race: He ran two horses in the Kentucky Derby.
  • transitive v. To present or nominate for elective office: The party ran her for senator.
  • transitive v. To cause to move or progress freely.
  • transitive v. To cause to function; operate: run a machine.
  • transitive v. To convey or transport: Run me into town. Run the garbage over to the dump.
  • transitive v. Football To attempt to advance (the ball) by carrying it.
  • transitive v. To submit for consideration or review: I'll run the idea by you before I write the proposal.
  • transitive v. Nautical To cause to move on a course: We ran our boat into a cove.
  • transitive v. To smuggle: run guns.
  • transitive v. To evade and pass through: run a roadblock.
  • transitive v. To pass over or through: run the rapids.
  • transitive v. To cause to flow: run water into a tub.
  • transitive v. To stream with: The fountains ran champagne.
  • transitive v. Metallurgy To melt, fuse, or smelt (metal).
  • transitive v. Metallurgy To mold or cast (molten metal): run gold into ingots.
  • transitive v. To cause to extend or pass: run a rope between the poles.
  • transitive v. To mark or trace on a surface: run a pencil line between two points.
  • transitive v. To sew with a continuous line of stitches: run a seam.
  • transitive v. To cause to unravel along a line: She ran her stocking on a splinter.
  • transitive v. To cause to crash or collide: ran the car into a fence.
  • transitive v. To cause to penetrate: I ran a pin into my thumb.
  • transitive v. To continue to present or perform: ran the film for a month.
  • transitive v. To publish in a periodical: run an advertisement.
  • transitive v. To subject oneself or be subjected to: run a risk.
  • transitive v. To have as an ongoing financial obligation: run a deficit; run a tab.
  • transitive v. Games To score (balls or points) consecutively in billiards: run 15 balls.
  • transitive v. Games To clear (the table) in pool by consecutive scores.
  • transitive v. To conduct or perform: run an experiment.
  • transitive v. Computer Science To process or execute (a program or instruction).
  • transitive v. To control, manage, or direct: ran the campaign by himself; a bureau that runs espionage operations.
  • n. A pace faster than a walk.
  • n. A fast gallop. Used of a horse.
  • n. An act of running.
  • n. A distance covered by or as if by running.
  • n. The time taken to cover such a distance: It is a two minutes' run from the subway.
  • n. A quick trip or visit: a run into town.
  • n. Sports A running race: the winner of the mile run.
  • n. A campaign for public office: She managed his successful senatorial run.
  • n. Baseball A point scored by advancing around the bases and reaching home plate safely.
  • n. Football A player's attempt to carry the ball past or through the opposing team, usually for a specified distance: a 30-yard run.
  • n. The migration of fish, especially in order to spawn.
  • n. A group or school of fish ascending a river in order to spawn.
  • n. Unrestricted freedom or use: I had the run of the library.
  • n. A stretch or period of riding, as in a race or to the hounds.
  • n. A track or slope along or down which something can travel: a logging run.
  • n. Sports A particular type of passage down a hill or across country experienced by an athlete, especially a skier or bobsledder: had two very good runs before the end of the day.
  • n. Sports The distance a golf ball rolls after hitting the ground.
  • n. A scheduled or regular route.
  • n. The territory of a news reporter.
  • n. A continuous period of operation, especially of a machine or factory.
  • n. The production achieved during such a period: a press run of 15,000 copies.
  • n. A movement or flow.
  • n. The duration of such a flow.
  • n. The amount of such a flow.
  • n. A pipe or channel through which something flows.
  • n. Eastern Lower Northern U.S. See creek.
  • n. A fall or slide, as of sand or mud.
  • n. Continuous length or extent: a five-foot run of tubing.
  • n. Geology A vein or seam, as of ore or rock.
  • n. The direction, configuration, or lie: the run of the grain in leather.
  • n. A trail or way made or frequented by animals.
  • n. An outdoor enclosure for domestic animals or poultry: a dog run; a turkey run.
  • n. A length of torn or unraveled stitches in a knitted fabric.
  • n. A blemish caused by excessive paint flow.
  • n. An unbroken series or sequence: a run of dry summers.
  • n. Games A continuous sequence of playing cards in one suit.
  • n. An unbroken sequence or period of performances or presentations, as in the theater.
  • n. A successful sequence of actions, such as well-played shots or victories in a sport.
  • n. Music A rapid sequence of notes; a roulade.
  • n. A series of unexpected and urgent demands, as by depositors or customers: a run on a bank.
  • n. A sustained state or condition: a run of good luck.
  • n. A trend or tendency: the run of events.
  • n. The average type, group, or category: The broad run of voters want the candidate to win.
  • n. Computer Science An execution of a specific program or instruction.
  • n. Nautical The immersed part of a ship's hull abaft of the middle body.
  • n. Slang Diarrhea. Often used with the.
  • adj. Being in a melted or molten state: run butter; run gold.
  • adj. Completely exhausted from running.
  • run across To find by chance; come upon.
  • run after To pursue; chase.
  • run after To seek the company or attention of for purposes of courting: He finally became tired of running after her.
  • run against To encounter unexpectedly; run into.
  • run against To work against; oppose: found public sentiment running against him.
  • run along To go away; leave.
  • run away To flee; escape.
  • run away To leave one's home, especially to elope.
  • run away To stampede.
  • run down To stop because of lack of force or power: The alarm clock finally ran down.
  • run down To make tired; cause to decline in vigor.
  • run down To collide with and knock down: a pedestrian who was run down by a speeding motorist.
  • run down Nautical To collide with and cause to sink.
  • run down To chase and capture: Detectives ran down the suspects.
  • run down To trace the source of: The police ran down all possible leads in the case.
  • run down To disparage: Don't run her down; she is very talented.
  • run down To go over; review: run down a list once more.
  • run down Baseball To put a runner out after trapping him or her between two bases.
  • run in To insert or include as something extra: ran in an illustration next to the first paragraph.
  • run in Printing To make a solid body of text without a paragraph or other break.
  • run in Slang To take into legal custody.
  • run in To pay a casual visit: We ran in for an hour.
  • run into To meet or find by chance: ran into an old friend.
  • run into To encounter (something): ran into trouble.
  • run into To collide with.
  • run into To amount to: His net worth runs into seven figures.
  • run off To print, duplicate, or copy: ran off 200 copies of the report.
  • run off To run away; elope.
  • run off To flow off; drain away.
  • run off To decide (a contest or competition) by a runoff.
  • run off To force or drive off (trespassers, for example).
  • run on To keep going; continue.
  • run on To talk volubly, persistently, and usually inconsequentially: He is always running on about his tax problems.
  • run on To continue a text without a formal break.
  • run out To become used up; be exhausted: Our supplies finally ran out.
  • run out To put out by force; compel to leave: We ran him out of town.
  • run out To become void, especially through the passage of time or an omission: an insurance policy that had run out.
  • run over To collide with, knock down, and often pass over: The car ran over a child.
  • run over To read or review quickly: run over a speech before giving it.
  • run over To flow over.
  • run over To go beyond a limit: The meeting ran over by 30 minutes.
  • run through To pierce: The soldier was run through by a bayonet.
  • run through To use up quickly: She ran through all her money.
  • run through To rehearse quickly: Let's run through the first act again.
  • run through To go over the salient points or facts of: The crew ran through the preflight procedures. We ran through the witness's testimony before presenting it in court.
  • run up To make or become greater or larger: ran up huge bills; run up the price of the company's stock.
  • run with To keep company: runs with a wild crowd.
  • run with To take as one's own; adopt: "[He] was determined to run with the idea and go public before it had been researched” ( Betty Cuniberti).
  • idiom a run for (one's) money Strong competition.
  • idiom in the long run In the final analysis or outcome.
  • idiom in the short run In the immediate future.
  • idiom on the run In rapid retreat: guerrillas on the run after an ambush.
  • idiom on the run In hiding: fugitives on the run.
  • idiom on the run Hurrying busily from place to place: executives always on the run from New York to Los Angeles.
  • idiom temperature To have a higher than normal body temperature.
  • idiom run away with To make off with hurriedly.
  • idiom run away with To steal.
  • idiom run away with To be greater or bigger than others in (a performance, for example).
  • idiom foul To run into; collide with: a sloop that had run foul of the submerged reef.
  • idiom foul To come into conflict with: a pickpocket who ran foul of the law.
  • idiom run in place To go through the movements of running without leaving one's original position.
  • idiom run interference To deal with problems or difficult matters for someone else.
  • idiom run off at the mouth To talk excessively or indiscreetly.
  • idiom run off with To capture or carry off: ran off with the state championship.
  • idiom run (one's) eyes over To look at or read in a cursory manner.
  • idiom run out of To exhaust the supply of: ran out of fuel.
  • idiom gas Slang To exhaust one's energy or enthusiasm.
  • idiom gas Slang To falter or come to a stop because of a lack of capital, support, or enthusiasm.
  • idiom run out on To abandon: has run out on the family.
  • idiom run rings around To be markedly superior to.
  • idiom run scared Informal To become intimidated or frightened.
  • idiom run short To become scanty or insufficient in supply: Fuel oil ran short during the winter.
  • idiom run short of To use up so that a supply becomes insufficient or scanty: ran short of paper clips.
  • idiom earth To pursue and successfully capture: Dogs ran the fox to earth. The police ran the terrorists to ground.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Act or instance of running, of moving rapidly using the feet.
  • n. Act or instance of hurrying (to or from a place) (not necessarily by foot); dash or errand, trip.
  • n. Pleasure trip.

Etymologies

Middle English ernen, runnen, from Old English rinnan, eornan, earnan, and from Old Norse rinna.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English ronnen ("to run"), alteration (due to the past participle yronne) of Middle English rinnen ("to run"), from Old English rinnan, iernan ("to run") and Old Norse rinna ("to run"), both from Proto-Germanic *rinnanan (“to run”) (compare also *rannijanan (“to make run”)), from Proto-Indo-European *ren- (“to rise; to sink”). Cognate with Scots rin ("to run"), West Frisian rinne ("to walk, march"), Dutch rennen ("to run, race"), German rennen ("to run"), Danish rinde ("to run"), Swedish rinna ("to run"), Icelandic renna ("to flow"). Cognate with Albanian rend ("to run, run after"). See random. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Today, rather than run a network of secret torture centers as the Soviets 'proxy Mohammad Najibullah did, President Hamid Karzai has set himself up as a defender of the rights of Afghans detained in U. S.-run prisons, something that plays well with the population.

    Learning From the Soviets

  • Amber stands poised, as if ready to run -- _run away from me?

    Asimov's Science Fiction

  • But can the fact of his uncles and aunts running less well than his fathers and mothers be a means of his fathers and mothers coming to run _better than they used to run_?

    Evolution, Old & New Or, the Theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin and Lamarck, as compared with that of Charles Darwin

  • But stay; there are many more that run than there be that obtain; therefore, he that will have heaven must _run_ for it!

    The Heavenly Footman

  • O sad will the state of those be that run and miss I Therefore if you will have heaven you must _run_ for it; and "so run, that ye may obtain."

    The Heavenly Footman

  • Men that run for a wager, (if they intend to _win_ as well as _run_,) do not use to encumber themselves, or carry those things about them that may be a hindrance to them in their running.

    The Heavenly Footman

  • Open Cup quarterfinal run, but was unable to piece together a stretch� run� in the regular season.

    Soccer Blogs - latest posts

  • · SQL Commander - Make it possible to run scripts of unlimited size with the @run command

    Softpedia - Windows - All

  • "Proper exercise" is generally a 5-mile run (a * run*, not a walk around the block at your pace) per day.

    Yahoo! Answers: Latest Questions

  • Cancelled Presidential debates smack of manipulation by 'run and hide' candidates yahooBuzzArticleHeadline = 'Cancelled Presidential debates smack of manipulation by \'run and hide\' candidates '; yahooBuzzArticleSummary =' Article: "I\'m prepared to discuss the war, health care, trade, or any other issue anytime, anywhere, with any audience, answering any question from any media.

    Cancelled Presidential debates smack of manipulation by 'run and hide' candidates

Comments

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  • In IT they talk about 'run time', the time when the program is operating, running. That could happen at run time.'

    September 19, 2011

  • "Holy girl
    Don't get up
    For running

    Stay with me
    I feel sad
    When you run"

    August 29, 2008

  • Cricket jargon - a run is the basic scoring unit.

    December 2, 2007