from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To exert much effort or energy; endeavor.
  • intransitive v. To struggle or fight forcefully; contend: strive against injustice.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To try to achieve a result; to make strenuous effort; to try earnestly and persistently.
  • v. To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest.
  • n. An effort; a striving.
  • n. strife; contention

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An effort; a striving.
  • n. Strife; contention.
  • intransitive v. To make efforts; to use exertions; to endeavor with earnestness; to labor hard.
  • intransitive v. To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest; -- followed by against or with before the person or thing opposed.
  • intransitive v. To vie; to compete; to be a rival.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To make strenuous effort; endeavor earnestly; labor hard; do one's endeavor; try earnestly and persistently: followed by an infinitive: as, he strove hard to win the prize; to strive to excel; to strive to pay one's way.
  • To contend; straggle; battle; fight: followed by with, against, or for: as, to strive against fate; to strive for the truth.
  • To vie; contend for preëminence: with with.
  • To quarrel or contend with one another; be at variance one with another, or come to be so; be in contention, dispute, or altercation.
  • To oppose by contrariety of qualities: with with.
  • Synonyms Undertake, Endeavor, etc.(see attempt); seek, aim, toil.
  • To compete, contest.
  • To dispute, wrangle.
  • n. A striving; an effort; a strife.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. attempt by employing effort
  • v. to exert much effort or energy


Middle English striven, from Old French estriver, from estrit, estrif, quarrel; see strife.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English striven "to strive" from Old French estriver "to compete, quarrel" from Old French estrif "quarrel, dispute", alteration (influenced by Germanic forms related to Frankish *strīban "to strive", compare Middle Dutch streven "to strive", German streben "to strive") of Old French estrit, from Frankish *strīd "quarrel, dispute" from Proto-Germanic *strīdō (“combat, strife”). Akin to Old High German strīt "quarrel" (German Streit), Old High German strītan "to fight", Old Norse strīð "strife, contention". More at stride. (Wiktionary)



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