from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or process of studying.
  • n. The pursuit of knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research.
  • n. Attentive scrutiny.
  • n. A branch of knowledge.
  • n. A branch or department of learning: graduate studies.
  • n. A work, such as a thesis, that results from studious endeavor.
  • n. A literary work on a particular subject.
  • n. A preliminary sketch, as for a work of art or literature.
  • n. Music A composition intended as a technical exercise.
  • n. A state of mental absorption: She is in a deep study.
  • n. A room intended or equipped for studying or writing.
  • n. One who memorizes something, especially a performer who memorizes a part: He is a quick study.
  • transitive v. To apply one's mind purposefully to the acquisition of knowledge or understanding of (a subject).
  • transitive v. To read carefully.
  • transitive v. To memorize.
  • transitive v. To take (a course) at a school.
  • transitive v. To inquire into; investigate.
  • transitive v. To examine closely; scrutinize.
  • transitive v. To give careful thought to; contemplate: study the next move.
  • intransitive v. To apply oneself to learning, especially by reading.
  • intransitive v. To pursue a course of study.
  • intransitive v. To ponder; reflect.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To revise materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.
  • v. To take a course or courses on a subject.
  • v. To acquire knowledge on a subject.
  • v. To look at minutely.
  • n. A state of mental perplexity or worried thought.
  • n. Thought, as directed to a specific purpose; one's concern.
  • n. Mental effort to acquire knowledge or learning.
  • n. The act of studying; examination.
  • n. A room in a house intended for reading and writing; traditionally the private room of the male head of household.
  • n. An artwork made in order to practise or demonstrate a subject or technique.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
  • n. Mental occupation; absorbed or thoughtful attention; meditation; contemplation.
  • n. Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
  • n. A building or apartment devoted to study or to literary work.
  • n. A representation or rendering of any object or scene intended, not for exhibition as an original work of art, but for the information, instruction, or assistance of the maker.
  • n. A piece for special practice. See Etude.
  • intransitive v. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
  • intransitive v. To apply the mind to books or learning.
  • intransitive v. To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
  • transitive v. To apply the mind to; to read and examine for the purpose of learning and understanding.
  • transitive v. To consider attentively; to examine closely.
  • transitive v. To form or arrange by previous thought; to con over, as in committing to memory.
  • transitive v. To make an object of study; to aim at sedulously; to devote one's thoughts to.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To exercise the mind in learning; apply one's self to the acquisition of knowledge; acquire knowledge and mental training, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles.
  • To exercise the mind in considering or contriving; deliberate upon or about something; ponder.
  • To muse; meditate; cogitate; reflect; revolve thoughts or ideas: used absolutely.
  • To endeavor studiously or thoughtfully; use studied or careful efforts; be diligent or zealous; plan; contrive: as, to study for peace or for the general good.
  • To prosecute a regular course of study, as that prescribed to prepare one for the exercise of a profession: as, to study for the bar, or for the church or ministry.
  • To seek to learn by memorizing the facts, principles, or words of; apply the mind to learning; store in the memory, either generally or verbatim: as, to study a book, a language, history, etc.; to study a part in a play or a piece for recitation.
  • To seek to ascertain or to learn the particulars of, as by observation or inquiry; make a study of; inquire into; investigate: as, to study a man's character or the customs of society; to study the geology of a region, or a case of disease.
  • To consider in detail; deliberate upon; think out: as, to study the best way of doing something; to study a discourse or a compliment.
  • To regard attentively or discriminatingly; consider as to requirements, character, quality, use, effect, or the like; pay distinguishing attention to: as, to study one's own interests; to study the effect of one's actions; to study a person; to study a drapery or a model in art.
  • To look at musingly, as in a brown study.
  • To apply the mind to learning (a specific science or branch of science), especially with the object of preparing for the exercise of a profession: as, the one is studying medicine, the other theology.
  • To subject to study; carry through a course of learning; educate; instruct.
  • To think out deliberately; arrange definitely in the mind; determine the details of: as, I have studied out a plan; to study out a set of rules.
  • To seek or get a knowledge of by observation or consideration; observe or reflect upon critically; make up one's mind about: as, to study up a person or a man's character; to study up arguments or reasons.
  • Synonyms To scrutinize, search into.
  • To reflect upon, meditate, ponder.
  • To contemplate.
  • n. Eagerness; earnestness; zeal.
  • n. Zealous endeavor; studied effort, aim, or purpose; deliberate contrivance or intention.
  • n. The mental effort of understanding, appreciating, and assimilating anything, especially a book; the earnest and protracted examination of a question, by reflection, collection and scrutiny of evidence, and otherwise; the pursuit of learning.
  • n. An exercise in learning or the pursuit of knowledge; an act or course of intellectual acquisition, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles: as, the actor's study was very rapid; also, an effort to gain an understanding of something; a particular course of learning, inquiry, or investigation: as, to pursue the study of physics or of a language; to make a study of trade, of a case at law, or of a man's life or character.
  • n. That which is studied or to be studied; a branch of learning; a subject of acquired or desired knowledge; a matter for investigation or meditation.
  • n. A state of mental inquiry or cogitation; debate or counsel with one's self; deep meditation; a muse; a quandary.
  • n. Theat., one who studies or learns; a studier; specifically, a memorizer of a part for the theater; an actor as a memorizer.
  • n. In music, a composition, usually instrumental, having something of the instructive and gymnastic purpose of an exercise combined with a certain amount of artistic value; an étude.
  • n. Something done as an exercise in learning, or in special study or observation; specifically, in art, a sketch or performance executed as an educational exercise, as a memorandum or record of observations or effects, or as a guide for a finished production: as, the story is a study of morbid passion; a study of a head for a painting.
  • n. A room in a dwelling-house or other building set apart for private study, reading, writing, or any similar occupation; by extension, the private room or office of the master of a house, however it may be used.
  • n. Synonyms Research, inquiry, investigation.
  • n. Reflection.
  • n. Another spelling of stiddy, a variant of stithy.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. give careful consideration to
  • n. a branch of knowledge
  • v. be a student of a certain subject
  • v. learn by reading books
  • v. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
  • n. a written document describing the findings of some individual or group
  • n. a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique
  • n. someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play)
  • n. preliminary drawing for later elaboration
  • n. attentive consideration and meditation
  • n. a detailed critical inspection
  • v. think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
  • n. a room used for reading and writing and studying
  • n. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)
  • v. be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning
  • n. a state of deep mental absorption


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English studie, from Old French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre, to study.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Middle English studie, from Old French estudier (Modern French étudier), from Latin studium.


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