from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Work, especially when arduous or involving painful effort; toil. See Synonyms at work.
  • n. Tribulation or agony; anguish.
  • n. The labor of childbirth.
  • intransitive v. To work strenuously; toil.
  • intransitive v. To be in the labor of childbirth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Obsolete form of travel.
  • v. To toil.
  • v. To go through the labor of childbirth.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Labor with pain; severe toil or exertion.
  • n. Parturition; labor.
  • n. Same as travois.
  • intransitive v. To labor with pain; to toil.
  • intransitive v. To suffer the pangs of childbirth; to be in labor.
  • transitive v. To harass; to tire.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To labor; toil; travel: same as travel, 1.
  • To labor in childbed; suffer the pangs of childbirth; be parturient.
  • n. Labor; toil; travel: same as travel, 1.
  • n. Labor in childbed; parturition.
  • n. A means of transportation, commonly used by North American Indians and voyageurs of the north and northwest, for the conveyance of goods or of sick or wounded persons.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child
  • n. use of physical or mental energy; hard work
  • v. work hard


Middle English, from Old French, from travailler, to work hard, from Vulgar Latin *tripāliāre, to torture with a tripalium, from Late Latin tripālium, instrument of torture, probably from Latin tripālis, having three stakes : tri-, tri- + pālus, stake; see pag- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French travail ("suffering, torment"). (Wiktionary)



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