from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A state of extreme confusion or agitation; commotion or tumult: a country in turmoil over labor strikes.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A state of great disorder or uncertainty.
  • v. To be disquieted or confused; to be in commotion.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Harassing labor; trouble; molestation by tumult; disturbance; worrying confusion.
  • intransitive v. To be disquieted or confused; to be in commotion.
  • transitive v. To harass with commotion; to disquiet; to worry.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To disturb; agitate; trouble; disquiet.
  • To labor amid trouble, worriment, or vexation; be disquieted or in trouble; worry.
  • n. Distracting stir, bustle, commotion, confusion, or din; tumult; disturbance; agitation; trouble; disquiet.
  • n. Synonyms Confusion, bustle, uproar.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. disturbance usually in protest
  • n. violent agitation
  • n. a violent disturbance


Origin unknown.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Unknown origin. Perhaps from Old French tremouille ("the hopper of a mill"). (Wiktionary)



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