from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its matted roots; sod.
- n. An artificial substitute for such a grassy layer, as on a playing field.
- n. A piece cut from a layer of earth or sod.
- n. A piece of peat that is burned for use as fuel.
- n. Slang The range of the authority or influence of a person, group, or thing; a bailiwick: "a bureaucracy ... concerned with turf, promotions, the budget, and protecting the retirement system” ( Harper's).
- n. Slang A geographical area; a territory.
- n. Slang The area claimed by a gang, as of youths, as its personal territory.
- n. Sports A racetrack.
- n. Sports The sport or business of racing horses.
- transitive v. To spread with turf: turfed the front yard.
- transitive v. Chiefly British Slang To displace or eject.
- transitive v. Slang To kill: "These guys can't . . . make sure nobody gets turfed” ( Scott Turow).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a layer of earth covered with grass; sod
- n. a piece of such a layer cut from the soil and used to make a lawn
- n. a sod of peat used as fuel.
- n. the territory claimed by a person, gang, etc. as their own
- n. a racetrack; or the sport of racing horses
- v. to create a lawn by laying turfs
- v. To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release.
- v. To fire from a job or dismiss from a task.
- v. To cancel a project or product.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. That upper stratum of earth and vegetable mold which is filled with the roots of grass and other small plants, so as to adhere and form a kind of mat; sward; sod.
- n. Peat, especially when prepared for fuel. See Peat.
- n. Race course; horse racing; -- preceded by the.
- transitive v. To cover with turf or sod.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The surface or sward of grass-land, consisting of earth or mold filled with the roots of grass and other small plants, so as to adhere and form a kind of mat; earth covered with grass.
- n. A piece of such earth or mold dug or torn from the ground; a sod.
- n. In Ireland, same as peat. See peat.
- To cover with turf or sod: as, to turf a bank or border.
- n. The turn of a cap, hood, or sleeve.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. cover (the ground) with a surface layer of grass or grass roots
- n. range of jurisdiction or influence
- n. surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots
- n. the territory claimed by a juvenile gang as its own
Middle English, from Old English.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English turf, torf, from Old English turf ("turf, sod, soil, piece of grass covered earth, greensward"), from Proto-Germanic *turbaz (“turf, lawn”), from Proto-Indo-European *dorbh- (“tuft, grass”). Cognate with Dutch turf ("turf"), Low German torf ("turf"), German dialectal Turbe ("turf"), German Torf ("peat, turf"), Swedish torf ("turf"), Icelandic torf ("turf"), Sanskrit (darbha, "a kind of grass"). (Wiktionary)