from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials.
- n. The departments and their officials as a group: promised to reorganize the federal bureaucracy.
- n. Management or administration marked by hierarchical authority among numerous offices and by fixed procedures: The new department head did not know much about bureaucracy.
- n. The administrative structure of a large or complex organization: a midlevel manager in a corporate bureaucracy.
- n. An administrative system in which the need or inclination to follow rigid or complex procedures impedes effective action: innovative ideas that get bogged down in red tape and bureaucracy.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Structure and regulations in place to control activity. Usually in large organizations and government operations.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.
- n. Government officials, collectively; -- used especially of nonelected government officials.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Government by bureaus; specifically, excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, administrative bureaus.
- n. The body of officials administering such bureaus, considered collectively.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. nonelective government officials
- n. a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with nonelective officials
- n. any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape
French bureaucratie : bureau, office; see bureau + -cratie, rule (from Old French; see -cracy).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
bureau + -cracy, from French bureaucratie, coined by Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (died 1759) from bureau ("office") + -cratie ("rule of") (Wiktionary)