Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Also called pathobiology.
  • n. The anatomic or functional manifestations of a disease: the pathology of cancer.
  • n. A departure or deviation from a normal condition: "Neighborhoods plagued by a self-perpetuating pathology of joblessness, welfare dependency, crime” ( Time).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences.
  • n. Any deviation from a healthy or normal condition; abnormality.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The science which treats of diseases, their nature, causes, progress, symptoms, etc.
  • n. The condition of an organ, tissue, or fluid produced by disease.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The science of diseases; the sum of scientific knowledge concerning disease, its origin, its various physiological and anatomical features, and its causative relations.
  • n. The totality of the morbid conditions and processes in a disease.
  • n. A discourse on disease.
  • n. The science of the feelings, passions, and emotions.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
  • n. any deviation from a healthy or normal condition

Etymologies

From Ancient Greek πάθος (pathos, "suffering") and -λογία (-logia, "study of"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • Pathologists study the causes and effects of human disease and injury: all sorts of disease, all manner of injury, in every part of the human body. . . .

    A forensic pathologist is a specialist in this branch of medicine who investigates sudden, unexpected, or violent deaths by visiting the scene, reviewing medical records, and performing an autopsy—all while collecting evidence that might be used in court. Like a clinical pathologist, she has to recognize what everything in the body looks like, but the forensic pathologist also has to understand how it all works. She has to know how all the things that go wrong with the body can kill you, and all the ways that trying to fix those things might also kill you. . . .

    Forensic pathologists work for either a medical examiner's office or a coroner. The latter is an administrator or law enforcement official (often the sheriff) who investigates untimely deaths in his or her jurisdiction. The coroner hires doctors to perform autopsies, but these doctors usually don't play an active role in the investigation beyond their work in the morgue. A medical examiner is a physician trained specifically in death investigation and autopsy pathology, who performs both the prosection (Latin for "cutting apart") and all other aspects of the official inquiry. The ME is always a doctor and often trains other doctors as well, in a one-year fellowship program that follows four years of residence training in hospital pathology
    Judy Melinek, M.D. & T.J. Mitchell, Working Stiff: Two Years, 262 Bodies, and the Making of a Medical Examiner (New York: Scribner: 2014), pp. 13-14 (emphasis added).

    March 9, 2016