from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To sit or lie with the body and limbs spread out awkwardly.
- intransitive v. To spread out in a straggling or disordered fashion: untidy tenements sprawling toward the river.
- transitive v. To cause to spread out in a straggling or disordered fashion.
- n. A sprawling position or posture.
- n. Haphazard growth or extension outward, especially that resulting from real estate development on the outskirts of a city: urban sprawl.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To sit with the limbs spread out.
- v. To spread out in a disorderly fashion; to straggle.
- n. An ungainly sprawling posture.
- n. A straggling, haphazard growth, especially of housing on the edge of a city.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The position or state resulting from sprawling.
- intransitive v. To spread and stretch the body or limbs carelessly in a horizontal position; to lie with the limbs stretched out ungracefully.
- intransitive v. To spread irregularly, as vines, plants, or trees; to spread ungracefully, as chirography.
- intransitive v. To move, when lying down, with awkward extension and motions of the limbs; to scramble in creeping.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To toss the limbs about; work the arms and legs convulsively; in general, to struggle convulsively.
- To work one's way awkwardly along with the aid. of all the limbs; crawl or scramble.
- To be spread out in an ungraceful posture; be stretched out carelessly and awkwardly.
- To have an irregular, spreading form or outline; straggle: said of handwriting, vines, etc.
- To widen or open irregularly, as a body of cavalry.
- To spread out ungracefully.
- n. The act of sprawling.
- n. A sprawling posture; an awkward recumbent attitude: as, to be stretched out in a careless sprawl.
- n. Motion; activity.
- n. A small twig or branch of a tree; a spray.
- n. Ability to spread one's self or to make a show or ‘splurge’; ‘go.’
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. go, come, or spread in a rambling or irregular way
- n. an aggregation or continuous network of urban communities
- n. an ungainly posture with arms and legs spread about
- v. sit or lie with one's limbs spread out
Theer's more kick an 'sprawl [Footnote: _Kick an' sprawl_ -- Strength, vitality.] in me than theer 'ave bin; an' I feels more hopeful like 'bout the future. "
There is the familiar variety of mess, which we call sprawl; but there is another kind of mess that tends towards the singularity--the too-neat desk where the mess has been brought without resolving it into a singularity, where the will-to-mere-neatness has overruled the will-to-actual-order.
But the model of their "sprawl" is quite a bit different: Zoom in and look closely; there's agricultural lands and woodland interspersed among the residential areas.
But as Austin Bramwell points out at The American Conservative sprawl is also central planning:
We also have spontaneous interactions with our neighbors, to a much greater degree than people living in sprawl-style suburbs.
As soon as he posted his rude reply, the blogosphere lit up with arguments from progressive, conservative, and even libertarian writers claiming that sprawl is the result of central planning [...]
The evidence that sprawl is the result of zoning strikes me as being rather weak.
The authors of Suburban Nation tell Gore and Bush to listen up — the antidote to sprawl is good old-fashioned town planning
There may be some sprawl still (if sprawl is considered low-density growth as pointed out to me in another post), but nothing compared to the growth in density.
Their sprawl is so that even their suburbs have become major cities or metro areas: San Jose and Oakland with SF, Newark and Long Island with NYC, and Yokohama and Chiba with Tokyo.