from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Violently agitated or disturbed; tumultuous: turbulent rapids.
- adj. Having a chaotic or restless character or tendency: a turbulent period in history.
- adj. Causing unrest or disturbance; unruly: turbulent, revolutionary undercurrents.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. violently disturbed or agitated; tempestuous, tumultuous
- adj. being in, or causing, disturbance or unrest
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Disturbed; agitated; tumultuous; roused to violent commotion.
- adj. Disposed to insubordination and disorder; restless; unquiet; refractory.
- adj. Producing commotion; disturbing; exciting.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Disturbed; agitated; tumultuous; being in violent commotion: as, the turbulent ocean.
- Restless; unquiet; refractory; disposed to insubordination and disorder; hence, violent; tumultuous; riotous; disorderly.
- Producing commotion or agitation; inducing turbulence.
- Synonyms and Obstreperous, uproarious, brawling; seditious, mutinous, revolutionary.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
- adj. (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin turbulentus, from turba, turmoil; see turbid.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin turbulentus, from turba ("disorder, tumult"). (Wiktionary)