from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To shake with or as if with cold; tremble. See Synonyms at shake.
- intransitive v. To quiver or vibrate, as by the force of the wind.
- transitive v. Nautical To cause (a sail) to flutter by sailing too close to the wind.
- n. An instance of shivering or trembling.
- n. An attack of shivering. Used with the.
- intransitive v. To break into fragments or splinters; shatter.
- transitive v. To cause to break suddenly into fragments or splinters.
- n. A fragment or splinter.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A fragment or splinter, especially of glass or stone.
- v. To break into splinters or fragments.
- v. To tremble or shake, especially when cold or frightened.
- n. The act or result of shivering.
- n. A bodily response to early hypothermia (Wikipedia).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One of the small pieces, or splinters, into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence; -- generally used in the plural.
- n. A thin slice; a shive.
- n. A variety of blue slate.
- n. A sheave or small wheel in a pulley.
- n. A small wedge, as for fastening the bolt of a window shutter.
- n. A spindle.
- transitive v. To break into many small pieces, or splinters; to shatter; to dash to pieces by a blow.
- intransitive v. To separate suddenly into many small pieces or parts; to be shattered.
- intransitive v. To tremble; to vibrate; to quiver; to shake, as from cold or fear.
- transitive v. To cause to shake or tremble, as a sail, by steering close to the wind.
- n. The act of shivering or trembling.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as shive, 1.
- n. A broken bit; a splinter; a sliver; one of many small pieces or fragments such as are produced by a sudden and violent shock or blow. Also shive.
- n. 3. In mineralogy, a species of blue slate; schist; shale.
- n. Nautical, a sheave; the wheel of a pulley.
- n. A small wedge or key.
- To break into many small fragments or splinters; shatter; dash to pieces at a blow.
- Synonyms Shatter, etc. See dash.
- To burst, fly, or fall at once into many small pieces of parts.
- To shake; shudder; tremble; quiver; specifically, to shake with cold.
- Synonyms Shiver, Quake. Shudder, Quiver. We shiver with cold or a sensation like that of cold; we quake with fear; we shudder with horror. To quiver is to have a slight tremulous or fluttering motion: as, her lip quivered; to quiver in every nerve.
- Nautical, to cause to flutter or shake in the wind, as a sail by trimming the yards or shifting the helm so that the wind strikes on the edge of the sail.
- n. A tremulous, quivering motion; a shaking-or trembling-fit, especially from cold.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an almost pleasurable sensation of fright
- n. a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitement
- v. shake, as from cold
- v. tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement
Middle English chiveren, shiveren.
Middle English shiveren, from shivere, splinter.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From a Germanic word, probably present in Old English though unattested, cognate with Old High German scivaro (German Schiefer ‘slate’). (Wiktionary)
Origin uncertain, perhaps an alteration of chavel. (Wiktionary)