from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A strip of frilled or closely pleated fabric used for trimming or decoration.
- n. A ruff on a bird.
- n. A ruckus or fray.
- n. Annoyance; vexation.
- n. An irregularity or a slight disturbance of a surface.
- transitive v. To disturb the smoothness or regularity of; ripple.
- transitive v. To pleat or gather (fabric) into a ruffle.
- transitive v. To erect (the feathers). Used of birds.
- transitive v. To discompose; fluster: a book that is bound to ruffle some people.
- transitive v. To flip through (the pages of a book).
- transitive v. To shuffle (cards).
- intransitive v. To become irregular or rough.
- intransitive v. To flutter.
- intransitive v. To become flustered.
- n. A low continuous beating of a drum that is not as loud as a roll. Also called ruff4.
- transitive v. To beat a ruffle on (a drum).
- intransitive v. To behave arrogantly or roughly; swagger.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any gathered or curled strip of fabric added as trim or decoration.
- n. disturbance; agitation; commotion
- n. A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruff.
- n. The connected series of large egg capsules, or oothecae, of several species of American marine gastropods of the genus Fulgur.
- v. To make a ruffle in; to curl or flute, as an edge of fabric.
- v. To disturb; especially, to cause to flutter.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To make into a ruff; to draw or contract into puckers, plaits, or folds; to wrinkle.
- transitive v. To furnish with ruffles.
- transitive v. To oughen or disturb the surface of; to make uneven by agitation or commotion.
- transitive v. To erect in a ruff, as feathers.
- transitive v. To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
- transitive v. To discompose; to agitate; to disturb.
- transitive v. To throw into disorder or confusion.
- transitive v. To throw together in a disorderly manner.
- intransitive v. To grow rough, boisterous, or turbulent.
- intransitive v. To become disordered; to play loosely; to flutter.
- intransitive v. To be rough; to jar; to be in contention; hence, to put on airs; to swagger.
- n. That which is ruffled; specifically, a strip of lace, cambric, or other fine cloth, plaited or gathered on one edge or in the middle, and used as a trimming; a frill.
- n. A state of being ruffled or disturbed; disturbance; agitation; commotion.
- n. A low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a roll; -- called also ruff.
- n. The connected series of large egg capsules, or oöthecæ, of any one of several species of American marine gastropods of the genus Fulgur. See Oötheca.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A strip of any textile material drawn up at one edge in gathers or plaits, and used as a bordering or trimming; a full, narrow flounce; a frill; a ruff.
- n. Something resembling a ruffle in form or position.
- n. In ornithology, same as ruff, 2 .
- n. The string of egg-capsules of the periwinkles, whelks, and related gastropods.
- n. In mech., a series of projections, often connected by a web, formed on the inner face of a flange of a metal gudgeon for a wooden shaft or roller, and fitted to a corresponding series of recesses in the end of such shaft or roller, to secure a rigid attachment of the flange and prevent its turning except as the shaft or roller turns with it.
- n. Disquietude or discomposure, as of the mind or temper; annoyance; irritation.
- To act turbulently or lawlessly; riot; play the bully; hence, to bluster.
- To put on airs; swagger: often with an indefinite it.
- To be rough or boisterous: said of the weather.
- To bully; insult; annoy.
- n. A brawl; a quarrel; a tumult.
- n. Milit., a low vibrating beat of the drum, less loud than the roll, and used on certain occasions as a mark of respect.
- To beat the ruffle on: as, to ruffle a drum.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others
- v. disturb the smoothness of
- v. mix so as to make a random order or arrangement
- v. pleat or gather into a ruffle
- n. a high tight collar
- v. discompose
- n. a strip of pleated material used as a decoration or a trim
- v. stir up (water) so as to form ripples
- v. twitch or flutter
- v. erect or fluff up
- v. trouble or vex
- n. a noisy fight
From Middle English ruffelen, to roughen.
Probably from frequentative of ruff4.
Middle English ruffelen, to quarrel.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)