from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A measure of the heaviness of an object.
  • n. The force with which a body is attracted to Earth or another celestial body, equal to the product of the object's mass and the acceleration of gravity.
  • n. A unit measure of gravitational force: a table of weights and measures.
  • n. A system of such measures: avoirdupois weight; troy weight.
  • n. The measured heaviness of a specific object: a two-pound weight.
  • n. An object used principally to exert a force by virtue of its gravitational attraction to Earth, especially:
  • n. A metallic solid used as a standard of comparison in weighing.
  • n. An object used to hold something else down.
  • n. A counterbalance in a machine.
  • n. Sports A heavy object, such as a dumbbell, lifted for exercise or in athletic competition.
  • n. Excessive fat; corpulence: exercising in order to lose weight.
  • n. Statistics A factor assigned to a number in a computation, as in determining an average, to make the number's effect on the computation reflect its importance.
  • n. Oppressiveness; pressure: the weight of responsibilities.
  • n. The greater part; preponderance: The weight of the evidence is against the defendant.
  • n. Influence, importance, or authority: Her approval carried great weight. See Synonyms at importance.
  • n. Ponderous quality: the weight of the speaker's words.
  • n. Sports A classification according to comparative lightness or heaviness. Often used in combination: a heavyweight boxer.
  • n. The heaviness or thickness of a fabric in relation to a particular season or use. Often used in combination: a summerweight jacket.
  • transitive v. To add to, by or as if by attaching a weight; make heavy or heavier.
  • transitive v. To load down, burden, or oppress.
  • transitive v. To increase the weight or body of (fabrics) by treating with chemicals.
  • transitive v. Statistics To assign weights or a weight to.
  • transitive v. To cause to have a slant or bias: weighted the rules in favor of homeowners.
  • transitive v. Sports To assign to (a horse) the weight it must carry as a handicap in a race.
  • idiom by weight According to weight rather than volume or other measure.
  • idiom make weight Sports To weigh within the limits stipulated for an athletic contest.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by).
  • n. An object used to make something heavier.
  • n. A standardized block of metal used in a balance to measure the mass of another object.
  • n. Importance or influence.
  • n. A disc of iron, dumbbell, or barbell used for training the muscles.
  • n. Mass (net weight, atomic weight, molecular weight, troy weight, carat weight, etc.).
  • n. A variable which multiplies a value for ease of statistical manipulation.
  • n. The smallest cardinality of a base.
  • n. The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes.
  • n. The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke, line weight.
  • n. The illusion of mass.
  • n. The thickness and opacity of paint.
  • v. To add weight to something, in order to make it heavier.
  • v. To load, burden or oppress someone.
  • v. To assign weights to individual statistics.
  • v. To bias something; to slant.
  • v. To handicap a horse with a specified weight.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center of the earth; the effect of gravitative force, especially when expressed in certain units or standards, as pounds, grams, etc.
  • n. The quantity of heaviness; comparative tendency to the center of the earth; the quantity of matter as estimated by the balance, or expressed numerically with reference to some standard unit.
  • n. Hence, pressure; burden.
  • n. Importance; power; influence; efficacy; consequence; moment; impressiveness.
  • n. A scale, or graduated standard, of heaviness; a mode of estimating weight
  • n. A ponderous mass; something heavy
  • n. A definite mass of iron, lead, brass, or other metal, to be used for ascertaining the weight of other bodies.
  • n. The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.
  • transitive v. To load with a weight or weights; to load down; to make heavy; to attach weights to.
  • transitive v. To assign a weight to; to express by a number the probable accuracy of, as an observation. See Weight of observations, under Weight.
  • transitive v. To load (fabrics) as with barite, to increase the weight, etc.
  • transitive v. to assign a numerical value expressing relative importance to (a measurement), to be multiplied by the value of the measurement in determining averages or other aggregate quantities.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To add or attach a weight or weights to; load with additional weight; add to the heaviness of.
  • In dyeing, to load (the threads) with minerals or other foreign matters mixed with the dyes, for the purpose of making the fabrics appear thick and heavy.
  • In founding, to bind (the parts of a flask) together by means of weights placed on the top, in order to prevent the bursting of the flask under the pressure of the liquid metal.
  • n. In mathematics: The number of roots of x appertaining to any given function or functions of x, which must be employed to express a quantity composed of the product of the coefficients.
  • n. With respect to any selected variable in a system of homogeneous functions, the sum of the weights in respect to such variable of the several coefficients of which the quantity is composed (the weight of each several coefficient meaning the index of the power of the selected variable in that term of the given function or functions which is affected with such coefficient).
  • n. In archery, the strength of a bow measured in pounds by the pull or weight necessary to fully draw the bow.
  • n. Downward force of a body; gravity; heaviness; ponderousness; more exactly, the resultant of the force of the earth's gravitation and of the centrifugal pressure from its axis of rotation, considered as a property of the body affected by it.
  • n. Mass; relative quantity of matter.
  • n. A heavy mass; specifically, something used on account of its weight or its mass.
  • n. Specifically, a body of determinate mass, intended to be used on a balance or scale for measuring the weight or mass of the body in the other pan or part of the scale (as the platform in a platform-scale).
  • n. A system of units for expressing thy weight or mass of bodies.
  • n. Pressure; burden; care; responsibility.
  • n. In coal-mining, subsidence of the roof due to pressure from above, which takes effect as the coal is worked away.
  • n. Importance; specifically, the importance of a fact as evidence tending to establish a conclusion; efficacy; power of influencing the conduct of persons and the course of events; effective influence in general.
  • n. In medicine, a sensation of oppression or heaviness over the whole body or over a part of it, as the head or stomach.
  • n. See wecht.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an artifact that is heavy
  • n. a system of units used to express the weight of something
  • v. present with a bias
  • n. (statistics) a coefficient assigned to elements of a frequency distribution in order to represent their relative importance
  • n. an oppressive feeling of heavy force
  • v. weight down with a load
  • n. sports equipment used in calisthenic exercises and weightlifting; it is not attached to anything and is raised and lowered by use of the hands and arms
  • n. a unit used to measure weight
  • n. the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
  • n. the relative importance granted to something


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English wight, from Old English wiht.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old English wiht, ġewiht, from Proto-Germanic *wihtiz, *(ga)wekhtiz (cf. *weganan). Compare Dutch gewicht, German Gewicht.



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