from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine; a spurious imitation.
- n. The quality of deceitfulness; empty pretense.
- n. One who assumes a false character; an impostor: "He a man! Hell! He was a hollow sham!” ( Joseph Conrad).
- n. A decorative cover made to simulate an article of household linen and used over or in place of it: a pillow sham.
- adj. Not genuine; fake: sham diamonds; sham modesty.
- transitive v. To put on the false appearance of; feign: "shamming insanity to get his tormentors to leave him alone” ( John Wain).
- intransitive v. To assume a false appearance or character; dissemble.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Intended to deceive; false.
- n. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
- n. Trickery, hoaxing.
- n. A decorative cover for a pillow.
- v. To deceive, cheat, lie.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoints; a make-believe; delusion; imposture; humbug.
- n. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
- adj. False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal.
- transitive v. To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses.
- transitive v. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- transitive v. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
- intransitive v. To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Shame; disgrace; fault.
- n. A trick put upon one; a trick or device that deludes or disappoints expectation; fraud; imposture; make-believe; humbug: as, an age of shams.
- n. Some device meant to give a thing a different outward appearance, as of neatness and finish, or to imitate something which it is not. Specifically
- n. A false pillow-cover; a pillow-sham.
- n. A strip of fine linen, often embroidered, put under the upper edge of the bed-coverings and turned over, as if forming the upper end of the sheet.
- n. plural Gaiters.
- False; counterfeit; pretended: as, a sham fight.
- Synonyms Mock, spurious, make-believe.
- To deceive; trick; cheat; delude with false pretenses.
- To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- To make a pretense of in order to deceive; feign; imitate: as, to sham illness.
- To pretend; make false pretenses; pretend to be, do, etc., what one is not, does not, does not mean, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. make believe with the intent to deceive
- adj. adopted in order to deceive
- v. make a pretence of
- n. a person who makes deceitful pretenses
- n. something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
Perhaps dialectal variant of shame.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Probably a dialectal form of shame. (Wiktionary)