Definitions
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
 n. The act or process of computing.
 n. A method of computing.
 n. The result of computing.
 n. The act of operating a computer.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/ShareAlike License
 n. The act or process of computing; calculation; reckoning.
 n. The result of computation; the amount computed.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
 n. The act or process of computing; calculation; reckoning.
 n. The result of computation; the amount computed.
 n. The process of performing arithmetical or logical operations, on data by an electronic device.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
 n. The act, process, or method of computing, counting, reckoning, or estimating; calculation: in mathematics, generally restricted to long and elaborate numerical calculations: as, the computation of an eclipse.
 n. A result of computing; the amount computed or reckoned.
 n. Synonyms Calculation, estimate, account.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
 n. problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
 n. the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods
Etymologies
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Examples

I like the term computation expressions  it is the same thing as monads in Haskell or workflows in F#.

When we are making a transition from a world in which computation is just one element to a world in which computation is our central concept.
Wolfram Blog : Stephen Wolfram on the Quest for Computable Knowledge

As the content width and height cannot be negative ([CSS21], section 10.2), this computation is floored at 0.

The fact that AI guys like yourself must be the ultimate source of evolutionary computation, is consistent with the claims of No Free Lunch (NFL) ….

A special, beneficial computation is applied for those years.

Plant cells have very few microtubules (very small E); whether they have quantum isolation and quantum computation is unknown.

The promise of molecular computation is that it would allow billions of calculations to occur simultaneously in a test tube.

Great blog featuring a series of tutorials on complexity in computation, the theoretical limits of the Turing Machine, and other bits of required knowledge for the 21st Century.
Boing Boing: September 15, 2002  September 21, 2002 Archives

"The universality of computation is the most profound thing in the universe," he says.

Since computation is absolutely independent of the "hardware" it runs on, studying it can tell us nothing about the nature or existence of that platform.
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